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He also references a study done on the antidepressant qualities of St. John's Wort compared to two prescription medications. These studies, the informercials suggest, are identified in the book being advertised for sale, but none of his books provide any such substantiation. A pair of Associated Press articles by Candice Choi on the infomercials elaborated on the success and problems of the programs.
Trudeau's use of the word "cure" is an issue for regulators. Also, bookstores are polled on their decisions to sell or not sell a successful and controversial self-published book. Trudeau says he adapted techniques used to improve the memory of the blind and the mentally challenged to create Mega Memory and Advanced Mega Memory audio tapes. His promotion of memory-enhancing products was ended by the intervention of the Federal Trade Commission which alleged that the claims made by Trudeau were false and programs involved would not enable users to achieve a " photographic memory ," as the advertising claimed.
Trudeau used research that Dr. Trudeau was selling automobiles at Neponset Lincoln Mercury in the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston in when he first met Van Masters. In addition to Natural Cures , Trudeau also hosted an infomercial that features the "Perfect Lift" non-surgical facelift. In , Trudeau began airing another infomercial, for a product called Firmalift, with Leigh Valentine. His goal was to transform billiards into a "major league" sport with aggressive promotion and the largest purses ever offered.
Winners were assured that they would receive their prizes in small installments, but most were never paid. The Reno fiasco marked the demise not only of IPT, but of professional pool competitions as a whole. As one commentator put it, "The pool hustler wasn't murdered by any single suspect, but the last man holding the knife was Kevin Trudeau. In connection with his promotional activities he has had a felony conviction and has been an unsuccessful defendant in several Federal Trade Commission FTC lawsuits.
In these cases Trudeau signed a consent decree in which he did not plead guilty but did agree to stop making the claims and to pay a fine. Trudeau subsequently began to sell books, which are protected by the First Amendment. Trudeau was convicted of fraud and larceny in the early s. The larceny he explains as a series of math errors compounded by the "mistake" of a bank official.
As for why the bank thought he was a doctor, that was just a simple misunderstanding, because he jokingly referred to himself as a "doctor in memory". He still can't quite believe he was prosecuted for the larceny charges. Trudeau began working for Nutrition For Life, a multi-level marketing program, in the mids. In , his recruitment practices were cited by the states of Illinois and Michigan , as well as the U.
Securities and Exchange Commission. Illinois sued Trudeau and Jules Leib, his partner, accusing them of operating an illegal pyramid scheme. Michigan forbade him from operating in the state. Callahan" was "studying quantum physics. In July , Trudeau entered into a stipulated preliminary injunction that prohibited him from continuing to make the challenged claims for Coral Calcium Supreme and Biotape. In the summer of , the court found Trudeau in contempt of court for violating the preliminary injunction, because he had sent out a direct mail piece and produced an infomercial making prohibited claims.
The court ordered Trudeau to cease all marketing for coral calcium products. He also agreed to a lifetime ban on promoting products using infomercials, but excluded restrictions to promote his books via infomercials.
District Court for the District of Columbia seeking declaratory and injunctive relief. Trudeau also filed a motion for preliminary injunction, which the court denied. The complaint charged that the FTC had retaliated against him for his criticism of the agency by issuing a press release that falsely characterized and intentionally and deliberately misrepresented the Final Order.
The FTC responded with a motion to dismiss the complaint for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12 b 1 , and for failure to state a claim for which relief can be granted under Rule 12 b 6. The district court granted the FTC's motion to dismiss. First, the court concluded that it lacked subject-matter jurisdiction because the press release was not "a 'final agency action'" under "section of the [Administrative Procedure Act]", 5 U.
Second, the court held, "in the alternative, that Trudeau's claims failed to state a viable cause of action as a matter of law. Trudeau later filed an appeal which was unsuccessful in reversing the court's ruling. The temporary restraining order was replaced by a preliminary injunction. However, Trudeau lost a motion to have the Board send a "corrective letter" to the television stations and subsequently dropped all claims for monetary damages.
The case is still in litigation. The FTC filed a contempt of court action against Trudeau and the companies that market The Weight Loss Cure 'They' Don't Want You to Know About , alleging that Trudeau was in contempt of a court order by "deceptively claiming in his infomercials that the book being advertised establishes a weight-loss protocol that is 'easy' to follow.
When consumers buy the book, they find it describes a complex plan that requires intense dieting, daily injections of a prescribed drug that is not easily obtainable, and lifelong dietary restrictions. On November 19, , Trudeau was found in contempt of the court order for "patently false" claims in his weight loss book.
District Court Judge Robert W. Gettleman ruled that Trudeau "clearly misrepresents in his advertisements the difficulty of the diet described in his book, and by doing so, he has misled thousands of consumers. The court denied Trudeau's request to reconsider or stay this ruling on December 11 of the same year. On February 11, , Trudeau was arrested and appeared in U. District Court before Gettleman for criminal contempt of court after he "asked his supporters to email the federal judge overseeing a pending civil case brought against him by the Federal Trade Commission.
That is, no one can touch him," Barrett said. On November 28, , the U. Food and Drug Administration and the Federal Trade Commission issued warnings to companies selling human chorionic gonadotropin HCG as weight loss products as the claims are unsupported.
In February , the court-appointed receiver announced that a number of Trudeau's known assets, including a home in Ojai, California , would be auctioned, with proceeds to be applied toward unpaid fines and restitutions. Court officials informed GIN members that the club's business model "likely amounted to an illegal pyramid scheme", and that its relentlessly publicized group of 30 billionaire financial advisors known as the "GIN Council" did not exist.
GIN's remaining assets were later auctioned as well. In March , Trudeau was sentenced to 10 years in prison, an "unusually lengthy" term for a contempt conviction. In April , Guzman ordered that royalties payable to Trudeau from continuing sales of his books—now owned by a California company called Free is My Favorite LLC, which purchased the rights from Trudeau—be forwarded to a government-controlled trust and used for fine and restitution payments.
One common criticism by consumer groups is that Trudeau has had no medical training. Trudeau responds that by not having such training, he is not biased toward pharmaceutical companies and the FDA, and that medical doctors "are taught only how to write out prescriptions" for "poisons" and "cut out pieces of a person's anatomy. Trudeau has been criticized for his inability to provide evidence to back up his claims.
Although he recites anecdotes, he has never provided evidence evaluated by licensed medical practitioners. In instances where Trudeau has been asked to provide proof, he has misinterpreted medical studies or cited dubious or fictitious studies. Byrne counts calories and makes sure she eats three healthy meals each day.
She continues to do Jillian Michaels workouts every morning at 5 a. The office worker weighed lbs. After complications from her c-section left her depressed, Greenslit, now 27, started walking and doing Pilates and yoga to help lift her mood. If she goes out, she orders a chicken salad instead of her former go-to order of a cheeseburger and French fries. McGee began gaining weight when she got into an unhealthy relationship and stopped spending time with friends or going to the gym.
After getting out of the relationship, she decided it was time to make a change — especially since she worked in the health profession.
McGee went from skipping meals and snacking throughout the day to sticking to set meal times. McGee loves group exercise classes and also regularly meets with a personal trainer. While she quit smoking after getting pregnant with her first child in , she kept her unhealthy eating habits until she began having health problems after having her third child. Roy eats six small meals a day and still allows herself the occasional fast food burger — but will only eat half.
She stays motivated to stay in shape by competing in bodybuilding competitions. Jenkins, 22, says that overeating was just part of her daily routine. But when she got to college, everything changed. She does an hour of cardio a day plus strength training three days a week. I have the most horrible memories because I was associated with all that weight I was carrying. Washington successfully lost 50 lbs. After giving birth, she decided to get healthy for herself and her baby.
Washington sticks to the low-carb, high-protein Atkins diet. The superstore employee from Suffolk, England, 30, had reached a high weight of lbs.
That experience jumpstarted her determination to lose weight. Barret sticks to the Slimming World food optimizing plan. Find a plan you can stick to. In a year she lost the majority of her weight through changes to her eating habits alone. Get creative with your meals. The Bennetts cut out sugar and processed foods from their family meals, and began using My Fitness Pal to track their calories and exercise. The couple focuses on clean eating and portion control. Find an accountability partner.
The Delaware-based paralegal had reached lbs. Battle sticks to eating mostly vegetables, fruits and protein, and counts the amount of protein, fats and carbohydrates she eats every day.
At 34, Mullins was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. She joined Weight Watchers to take control of her health. Mullins eats small portions to stay within her Weight Watchers parameters.
It keeps me accountable. After having her second child, Faith weighed lbs. After her third pregnancy and a divorce, Faith realized she needed to take control of her weight.
However, she took things too far and developed anorexia and bulimia. I run backwards and do side shuffles at an incline. It really tones hamstrings and glutes. The insurance saleswoman, 25, shot up to lbs. They gave me a calorie target, and I followed it. I literally had to reteach myself to cook.
She makes sure she gets enough protein and limits her carbs, but still allows herself wine on weekends. Grafton works out every day doing a mix of cardio and weights. Her favorite piece of exercise equipment is the StairMaster. If you usually slip on the weekend, commit to a Monday morning workout. The Windsor, Ontario-based student, 16, used to eat pizza for breakfast and drink as many as 15 cans of soda a day, reaching a high weight of lbs.
When her father had gastric bypass surgery, she changed her diet and began eating the small meals he was consuming. She also used Instagram to find weight loss tips. I learned proper exercise just from asking people in the gym and on social media. The professional photographer, 29 — who weighed lbs. Roller decided to take up bodybuilding , and trained for two years for her first competition. Her prep involved 5 a. On nights she has a sitter, McDonald hits the gym, and on other nights she does workouts at home once her kids are asleep.
Once weighing over lbs. The military officer, 29, took up bodybuilding to be an inspiration to her troops. I just felt like a hypocrite and a fake. The Los Angeles-based student, 22, reached lbs.
So she decided to try Jenny Craig to finally make a lasting change. Perrineau eats Jenny Craig meals for breakfast, lunch and dinner, with healthy snacks in between.
She works out six days a week, and does running for her cardio. Experiment and find what works for you. When Cockrell reached lbs. Raymond, 49, had lost lbs. The Allentown, Pennsylvania-based real estate agent realized that her yo-yo dieting was not only negatively affecting her self-esteem, but also her health.
Her doctor told her all her problems were weight-related. Raymond — who weighed lbs. Jordan — who weighed lbs. After being dateless at prom, Anguh decided to start working out, and hit the gym every day.
She also began cooking her own meals rather than binging on fast food. After 16 months of hard work, Anguh hit her goal weight of lbs. When the war ended, Halimi overcompensated by eating whole pizzas and entire jars of Nutella.
The singer reached lbs. When a woman on the bus mistook Halimi for a pregnant person, she decided she needed to lose weight. Her new diet coupled with exercise helped her drop lbs. Osuna — who weighed lbs. Entering rehab and getting sober was an essential part of his weight loss journey. So the Dexter, Missouri resident took up a plant-based diet, cycling and running to bring his weight down lbs.
Eventually, she began following a paleo diet, and progressed from doing Richard Simmons videos in her garage to going to the gym daily. In May , Ginley joined U. Schwarzenegger cannot run for president as he is not a natural-born citizen of the United States. Being Austrian and thus European, he was able to win the European Voice campaigner of the year award for taking action against climate change with the California Global Warming Solutions Act of and plans to introduce an emissions trading scheme with other US states and possibly with the EU.
Schwarzenegger's endorsement in the Republican primary of the U. Giuliani dropped out of the presidential race on January 30, , largely because of a poor showing in Florida, and endorsed McCain. The following day, he endorsed McCain, joking, "It's Rudy's fault! Schwarzenegger's endorsement was thought to be a boost for Senator McCain's campaign; both spoke about their concerns for the environment and economy.
In its April report, Progressive ethics watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington named Schwarzenegger one of 11 "worst governors" in the United States because of various ethics issues throughout Schwarzenegger's term as governor.
Governor Schwarzenegger played a significant role in opposing Proposition 66 , a proposed amendment of the Californian Three Strikes Law , in November This amendment would have required the third felony to be either violent or serious to mandate a years-to-life sentence. In the last week before the ballot, Schwarzenegger launched an intensive campaign  against Proposition They learned about it in a call from a reporter. The Santos family, along with the San Diego district attorney, sued to stop the commutation, claiming that it violated Marsy's Law.
In September , Sacramento County superior court judge Lloyd Connelly stated, "Based on the evidentiary records before this court involving this case, there was an abuse of discretion This was a distasteful commutation. It was repugnant to the bulk of the citizenry of this state.
During his initial campaign for governor, allegations of sexual and personal misconduct were raised against Schwarzenegger, dubbed "Gropegate". Three of the women claimed he had grabbed their breasts, a fourth said he placed his hand under her skirt on her buttock.
A fifth woman claimed Schwarzenegger tried to take off her bathing suit in a hotel elevator, and the last said he pulled her onto his lap and asked her about a sex act. Schwarzenegger admitted that he has "behaved badly sometimes" and apologized, but also stated that "a lot of [what] you see in the stories is not true". This came after an interview in adult magazine Oui from surfaced, in which Schwarzenegger discussed attending sexual orgies and using substances such as marijuana.
Olympia in the documentary film Pumping Iron. My drug was pumping iron, trust me. British television personality Anna Richardson settled a libel lawsuit in August against Schwarzenegger, his top aide, Sean Walsh, and his publicist, Sheryl Main.
Schwarzenegger became a naturalized U. His request was granted, and he retained his Austrian citizenship. Pilz argued that Schwarzenegger caused damage to Austria's reputation in the international community because Austria abolished the death penalty in Pilz based his argument on Article 33 of the Austrian Citizenship Act, which states: Schwarzenegger explained his actions by pointing out that his only duty as Governor of California with respect to the death penalty was to correct an error by the justice system by pardon or clemency if such an error had occurred.
On September 27, , Schwarzenegger signed the Global Warming Solutions Act of , creating the nation's first cap on greenhouse gas emissions.
The law set new regulations on the amount of emissions utilities, refineries, and manufacturing plants are allowed to release into the atmosphere. Schwarzenegger also signed a second global warming bill that prohibits large utilities and corporations in California from making long-term contracts with suppliers who do not meet the state's greenhouse gas emission standards. The two bills are part of a plan to reduce California's emissions by 25 percent to s levels by In , Schwarzenegger issued an executive order calling to reduce greenhouse gases to 80 percent below levels by Schwarzenegger signed another executive order on October 17, , allowing California to work with the Northeast's Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.
They plan to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by issuing a limited amount of carbon credits to each power plant in participating states. Any power plants that exceed emissions for the number of carbon credits will have to purchase more credits to cover the difference. The plan took effect in Schwarzenegger has adapted one of his Hummers to run on hydrogen and another to run on biofuels.
He has also installed solar panels to heat his home. In , Schwarzenegger founded the R20 Regions of Climate Action to develop a sustainable, low carbon economy. The Equal Opportunity to Govern Amendment in was widely accredited as the "Amend for Arnold" bill, which would have removed language from the U. Constitution prohibiting his run, having been born in Austria.
In , the "Amend for Arnold" campaign was launched, featuring a website and TV advertising promotion. In October , the New York Post reported that Schwarzenegger was exploring a future run for president.
The former California governor would face a constitutional hurdle; Article II, Section I, Clause V nominally prevents individuals who are not natural-born citizens of the United States from assuming the office.
He has reportedly been lobbying legislators about a possible constitutional change , or filing a legal challenge to the provision. Columbia University law professor Michael Dorf observed that Schwarzenegger's possible lawsuit could ultimately win him the right to run for the office, noting, "The law is very clear, but it's not percent clear that the courts would enforce that law rather than leave it to the political process. Schwarzenegger has had a highly successful business career.
His financial independence came from his success as a budding entrepreneur with a series of lucrative business ventures and investments. In , Schwarzenegger and fellow bodybuilder Franco Columbu started a bricklaying business. The business flourished thanks to the pair's marketing savvy and an increased demand following the San Fernando earthquake. Schwarzenegger transferred profits from the mail-order business and his bodybuilding-competition winnings into his first real estate investment venture: He would later go on to invest in a number of real estate holding companies.
Schwarzenegger was a founding celebrity investor in the Planet Hollywood chain of international theme restaurants modeled after the Hard Rock Cafe along with Bruce Willis , Sylvester Stallone and Demi Moore. Schwarzenegger severed his financial ties with the business in early He also invested in a shopping mall in Columbus, Ohio.
He has talked about some of those who have helped him over the years in business: I even learned a thing or two from Planet Hollywood, such as when to get out! It is a festival that hosts thousands of international health and fitness professionals which has also expanded into a three-day expo. He also owns a movie production company called Oak Productions, Inc. Schatzi literally means "little treasure," colloquial for "honey" or "darling" in German.
In , he sold his restaurant. Over the years as an investor, he invested his bodybuilding and movie earnings in an array of stocks, bonds, privately controlled companies, and real estate holdings worldwide, making his net worth as an accurate estimation difficult to calculate, particularly in light of declining real estate values owing to economic recessions in the U.
He appears in a series of commercials for the Machine Zone game Mobile Strike as a military commander and spokesman. In the Shadow of the Austrian Oak. Baker claims that she only learned of his being unfaithful after they split, and talks of a turbulent and passionate love life. Their first date was watching the first Apollo Moon landing on television. He just had this huge determination to prove himself, and that was very attractive I'll go to my grave knowing Arnold loved me. According to Moray, the couple led an open relationship: Kennedy , at the Robert F.
Kennedy Tennis Tournament in August He went on to have a relationship with both Moray and Shriver until August , when Moray who knew of his relationship with Shriver issued an ultimatum. Francis Xavier Catholic Church. All of their children were born in Los Angeles. On May 9, , Shriver and Schwarzenegger ended their relationship after 25 years of marriage, with Shriver moving out of the couple's Brentwood mansion. In the statement, Schwarzenegger did not mention that he had confessed to his wife only after she had confronted him with the information, which she had done after confirming with the housekeeper what she had suspected about the child.
Baena is of Guatemalan origin. She was employed by the family for 20 years and retired in January It was not until the boy "started looking like [him] She filed for divorce in Pursuant to the divorce judgment, Schwarzenegger kept the Brentwood home, while Shriver purchased a new home nearby so that the children could travel between their parents' homes.
They shared custody of the two youngest children. After the scandal, Danish-Italian actress Brigitte Nielsen came forward and stated that she too had an affair with Schwarzenegger while he was in a relationship with Shriver,  saying, "Maybe I wouldn't have got into it if he said 'I'm going to marry Maria' and this is deadly serious, but he didn't, and our affair carried on.
As of July , Schwarzenegger was dating physical therapist Heather Milligan, 27 years his junior. Schwarzenegger was born with a bicuspid aortic valve , an aortic valve with only two leaflets a normal aortic valve has three leaflets. Schwarzenegger apparently opted against a mechanical valve, the only permanent solution available at the time of his surgery, because it would have sharply limited his physical activity and capacity to exercise. On December 9, , he broke six ribs and was hospitalized for four days after a motorcycle crash in Los Angeles.
Schwarzenegger saved a drowning man's life in while on vacation in Hawaii by swimming out and bringing him back to shore. On January 8, , while Schwarzenegger was riding his Harley Davidson motorcycle in Los Angeles, with his son Patrick in the sidecar, another driver backed into the street he was riding on, causing him and his son to collide with the car at a low speed.
While his son and the other driver were unharmed, Schwarzenegger sustained a minor injury to his lip, requiring 15 stitches. Schwarzenegger tripped over his ski pole and broke his right femur while skiing in Sun Valley, Idaho , with his family on December 23, He was released from the St. John's Health Center on December 30, Schwarzenegger's private jet made an emergency landing at Van Nuys Airport on June 19, , after the pilot reported smoke coming from the cockpit, according to a statement released by his press secretary.
No one was harmed in the incident. Schwarzenegger's official height of 6'2" 1. In his bodybuilding days in the late s, he was measured to be 6'1.
At one point, Wesson made an unsuccessful attempt to, in his own words, "settle this once and for all and find out how tall he is" by using a tailor's tape measure on the Governor. Schwarzenegger's autobiography, Total Recall , was released in October He devotes one chapter called "The Secret" to his extramarital affair.
The majority of his book is about his successes in the three major chapters in his life: Schwarzenegger was the first civilian to purchase a Humvee. He was so enamored by the vehicle that he lobbied the Humvee's manufacturer, AM General , to produce a street-legal , civilian version, which they did in ; the first two Hummer H1s they sold were also purchased by Schwarzenegger.
In , he had one regular and three running on non-fossil power sources; one for hydrogen , one for vegetable oil , and one for biodiesel.
He was spotted and filmed in in his car, painted silver with bright aluminium forged wheels. His Bugatti has its interior adorned in dark brown leather. During the gubernatorial recall campaign, he announced that he would convert one of his Hummers to burn hydrogen. After the election, he signed an executive order to jump-start the building of hydrogen refueling plants called the California Hydrogen Highway Network, and gained a U.
Schwarzenegger has been involved with the Special Olympics for many years after they were founded by his ex-mother-in-law, Eunice Kennedy Shriver. ICG is active in 15 cities around the country and serves over , children in over schools countrywide. He handed off the flame to the next runner, Sebastian Coe. Schwarzenegger had a collection of Marxist busts, which he requested from Russian friends at the end of the Soviet Union as they were being destroyed. In , he revealed that his wife had requested they be removed, but he kept the one of Vladimir Lenin present, since "he was the first".
Schwarzenegger is a lifelong supporter and "friend of Israel", and has participated in L. Schwarzenegger supported the invasion of Iraq. At a security conference, Arnold Schwarzenegger called climate change the issue of our time. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people named Schwarzenegger, see Schwarzenegger surname. For the tree, see Quercus cerris. As entrant to the Mr. Olympia competition at Madison Square Garden.
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