What did the study find?
Nutrisystem also links their users to dietitians and counselors for advice or inspiration. Biotin deficiency B 9: Prayers and best wishes to you all. In the cohort of 15, people participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES III , waist circumference explained obesity-related health risk better than the body mass index or BMI when metabolic syndrome was taken as an outcome measure and this difference was statistically significant. February 21, at 6: There is a strong correlation between central obesity and cardiovascular disease.
7. Wicked Good Cupcakes
This one from a center in Groton, Connecticut. This diet—or, actually, complete lifestyle change—purports to be medically sound and created in response to the obesity epidemic. When the American Medical Association AMA recognized obesity as a disease, more and more of these medically-created or supervised kinds of diets and clinics began popping up everywhere.
In this case, the clinics, practices, or pharmacies already exist, and they sign on to add Ideal Protein program as an adjunct making money for all. But science and nutritional experts generally agree that some meal replacements may be okay.
And in general, experts say high-protein diets like Ideal Protein are okay for already healthy people. The Mayo Clinic says while diets like this may help with weight loss, the jury is still out on the long-term safety of high-protein-low-carb-low-fat diets because of health concerns.
And side effects including headache and constipation. Plus, they say, high-protein diets may hurt people with kidney disease. Their suggestion is to cut out bad carbs—processed ones—and replace them with whole grains and good carb-rich vegetables. They also say that a restrictive diet is not sustainable: The best eating plan is one that you can stick to long-term. What about Ideal Protein reviews? Testimonials posted on this website have been provided by individual dieters and are representative of their own personal experience and are not typical.
Any statements or claims, posted on this page, are not being made by the owner of this website or by Ideal Protein. The most recent post about Ideal Protein I found was a message board thread from late My doctor has strong opinions on Ideal Protein she said absolutely not but some doctors say it can be done safely. Ideal Protein is offered at my hospital and many people have joined it and lost dramatic amounts of weight. Almost every person has gained it all back. The only person I know who lost weight on Ideal Protein and kept it off is a man who married a dietician right after he went off the diet.
One full review on Pissed Consumer. But they needed to lose weight and decided to go for it. I started to lose some weight but was constantly sick and had no energy. Then I noticed I was losing my hair. I went to my doctor and was told that this Ideal Protein diet plan was dangerous and that it starves the body of much needed carbs and nutrients. The main problem with such plans is in the theory itself — the idea that by starving your body of carbohydrates that you will then use fatty tissue for energy, and lose weight.
Yes, you will lose weight, but it is not the way that you should want to lose it, and therein lies the problem. The issue is that not only does the fatty tissue get used, but so does the lean tissue. You know…your heart, liver, kidneys! So, while you are losing weight temporarily you are not losing it properly and can be putting yourself at risk. In addition, you are not giving your body what it needs — your body need carbs to survive, and is very dependent on them.
Without them your body will start using what are called ketone bodies instead, which can lead to additional problems due to the imbalances this creates by making your blood overly acidic.
Unfortunately, the Ideal Protein Diet falls right into this category, and thus really should be avoided. She says a lot about Ideal Protein and her experience with it. Also, since the low carb diet sends you into ketosis, you will have bad breath.
Based on our research people frequently try to compare Ideal Protein to other weight loss solutions. Often the brands and their products are different in many ways which makes it hard to compare apples-to-oranges.
This is our attempt to compare below 6 and pick the winner. Please take this information with the grain of salt and do your own research. If making dietary changes we recommend consulting with your medical doctor. I first did Atkins before people got hip and realized that all the garbage and I mean super-bad-for-you junk in processed meats was a really bad idea.
Back in the day, you ate hot dogs and bacon by the pound. I lost a lot of weight doing Atkins because I cut carbs way way way back. Years later, I found that a modified Atkins, a smart really-low bad carb diet was doable.
What you need to know about Ideal Protein is you must be willing to go to a brick-and-mortar center. It is similar to Atkins in theory because its a low-carb, high-protein ketogenic program but with meal replacements and supplements taken after going to a center, then doing the rest of it online and you pay a lot of money for the foods and supplements.
Once on the diet, and after you reach your goal weight presuming you do , you must maintain that loss for a year, meaning you still pay them and still take supplements. Next, lose all the weight you need to lose on their plan, become the new you and stay that way for life.
Do I sound as if I am being a tad facetious? But when we talk about comparing Ideal Protein versus Keto OS know that they have the same ketogenic idea of weight loss so in that way, Keto OS and Ideal Protein are similar, but that's about as far as it goes. I suppose chugging down ketones in their flavored drinks is cheaper, but not by too much, than Ideal Protein. Plus, you don't have to go to a center, purchase foods and supplements, then be monitored online, and later stay on that diet far beyond reaching goal weight if that ever happens.
You need to know that Ideal Shape has a secret ingredient called Slendesta, a so-called hunger blocker, in its meal replacement shakes within its proprietary blend of protein and fiber that they say works because you feel full longer than with regular meal replacement shakes.
Some of it is good nutrition, but not all and as we know, anything processed and packaged has some questionable ingredients. This is a self-guided program. That said, I am just not a big supporter of any of these programs that have you eating their foods. The one redeeming quality about WonderSlim is they donate food for hungry kids when you buy their stuff. Long a fairly solid diet that focuses on low carbs, but includes good healthy carbs from starchy veggies, and high protein. Just like Ideal Protein.
But while South Beach is from that trendy South Florida home, the so-called clinics that you must register with and visit located in the Sunshine State are often found located in, near, or within clinics for pain management. What does that even mean? One, what does pain management have to do with weight loss? I am not equating Ideal Protein with any nefarious stuff done in shady clinics, but I am just not supportive of a weight loss clinic being associated with an alleged health care practice where one has nothing to do with the other.
It feels too much like a scam. Still, I definitely will declare South Beach Diet in principle as winner in this showdown. Is it fair to declare a winner before the brawl? In this case, yes. Trim Down Club says this: Shop smart, prepare cleanly, and serve your family and yourself and get everyone in to help great healthy foods. Visceral and central abdominal fat and waist circumference show a strong association with type 2 diabetes.
Visceral fat , also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat , is located inside the peritoneal cavity , packed in between internal organs and torso, as opposed to subcutaneous fat , which is found underneath the skin , and intramuscular fat , which is found interspersed in skeletal muscle. Visceral fat is composed of several adipose depots including mesenteric , epididymal white adipose tissue EWAT and perirenal fat.
An excess of visceral fat is known as central obesity, the "pot belly" or "beer belly" effect, in which the abdomen protrudes excessively. This body type is also known as "apple shaped", as opposed to "pear shaped", in which fat is deposited on the hips and buttocks. Researchers first started to focus on abdominal obesity in the s when they realized it had an important connection to cardiovascular disease , diabetes , and dyslipidemia.
Abdominal obesity was more closely related with metabolic dysfunctions connected with cardiovascular disease than was general obesity. In the late s and early s insightful and powerful imaging techniques were discovered that would further help advance the understanding of the health risks associated with body fat accumulation. Techniques such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging made it possible to categorize mass of adipose tissue located at the abdominal level into intra-abdominal fat and subcutaneous fat.
Central obesity is associated with a statistically higher risk of heart disease , hypertension , insulin resistance , and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 see below. Central obesity can be a feature of lipodystrophies , a group of diseases that is either inherited , or due to secondary causes often protease inhibitors , a group of medications against AIDS. Central obesity is a symptom of Cushing's syndrome  and is also common in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS. Central obesity is associated with glucose intolerance and dyslipidemia.
Once dyslipidemia becomes a severe problem, an individual's abdominal cavity would generate elevated free fatty acid flux to the liver. The effect of abdominal adiposity occurs not just in those who are obese, but also affects people who are non-obese and it also contributes to insulin sensitivity.
Recent validation has concluded that total and regional body volume estimates correlate positively and significantly with biomarkers of cardiovascular risk and BVI calculations correlate significantly with all biomarkers of cardio-vascular risk. There are numerous theories as to the exact cause and mechanism in Type 2 Diabetes. Central obesity is known to predispose individuals for insulin resistance.
Abdominal fat is especially active hormonally, secreting a group of hormones called adipokines that may possibly impair glucose tolerance. But adiponectin which is found in lower concentration in obese and diabetic individuals has shown to be beneficial and protective in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Developing asthma due to abdominal obesity is also a main concern. As a result of breathing at low lung volume, the muscles are tighter and the airway is narrower.
It is commonly seen that people who are obese breathe quickly and often, while inhaling small volumes of air. Based on studies, it is evident that obesity has a strong association with vascular and metabolic disease which could potentially be linked to Alzheimer's disease.
Recent studies have also shown an association between mid-life obesity and dementia, but the relationship between later life obesity and dementia is less clear. Based on logistic regression analyses, it was found that obesity was associated with an almost fold increase risk of Alzheimer's disease.
The currently prevalent belief is that the immediate cause of obesity is net energy imbalance—the organism consumes more usable calories than it expends, wastes, or discards through elimination. Some studies indicate that visceral adiposity, together with lipid dysregulation and decreased insulin sensitivity ,  is related to the excessive consumption of fructose. Quality protein uptake is defined as the ratio of essential amino acids to daily dietary protein. Visceral fat cells will release their metabolic by-products in the portal circulation, where the blood leads straight to the liver.
Thus, the excess of triglycerides and fatty acids created by the visceral fat cells will go into the liver and accumulate there. In the liver, most of it will be stored as fat. This concept is known as 'lipotoxicity'. Hypercortisolism, such as in Cushing's syndrome , also leads to central obesity. Many prescription drugs, such as dexamethasone and other steroids, can also have side effects resulting in central obesity,  especially in the presence of elevated insulin levels.
The prevalence of abdominal obesity is increasing in western populations, possibly due to a combination of low physical activity and high-calorie diets, and also in developing countries, where it is associated with the urbanization of populations. It is recommended to use both standards. BMI will illustrate the best estimate of your total body fatness, while waist measurement gives an estimate of visceral fat and risk of obesity-related disease. A study has shown that alcohol consumption is directly associated with waist circumference and with a higher risk of abdominal obesity in men, but not in women.
Excluding energy under-reporters slightly attenuated these associations. After controlling for energy under-reporting, it was observed that increasing alcohol consumption significantly increased the risk of exceeding recommended energy intakes in male participants — but not in the small number of female participants 2.
Further study is needed to determine whether a significant relationship between alcohol consumption and abdominal obesity exists among women who consume higher amounts of alcohol.
In those with a BMI under 35, intra-abdominal body fat is related to negative health outcomes independent of total body fat. BMI and waist measurements are well recognized ways to characterize obesity. However, waist measurements are not as accurate as BMI measurements.
For this reason, it is recommended to use both methods of measurements. While central obesity can be obvious just by looking at the naked body see the picture , the severity of central obesity is determined by taking waist and hip measurements. A differential diagnosis includes distinguishing central obesity from ascites and intestinal bloating. In the cohort of 15, people participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES III , waist circumference explained obesity-related health risk better than the body mass index or BMI when metabolic syndrome was taken as an outcome measure and this difference was statistically significant.
In other words, excessive waist circumference appears to be more of a risk factor for metabolic syndrome than BMI. The increased amount of fat in this region relates to the higher levels of plasma lipid and lipoproteins as per studies mentioned by Eric Poehlman review. This parameter has been used in the study of metabolic syndrome   and cardiovascular disease.
When comparing the body fat of men and women it is seen that men have close to twice the visceral fat as that of pre-menopausal women. Central obesity is positively associated with coronary heart disease risk in women and men. It has been hypothesized that the sex differences in fat distribution may explain the sex difference in coronary heart disease risk.
There are sex-dependent differences in regional fat distribution. In women, estrogen is believed to cause fat to be stored in the buttocks , thighs , and hips. Males are more susceptible to upper-body fat accumulation, most likely in the belly, due to sex hormone differences.
Even with the differences, at any given level of central obesity measured as waist circumference or waist to hip ratio, coronary artery disease rates are identical in men and women. A permanent routine of exercise, eating healthily, and, during periods of being overweight, consuming the same number or fewer calories than used will prevent and help fight obesity. Adjunctive therapies which may be prescribed by a physician are orlistat or sibutramine , although the latter has been associated with increased cardiovascular events and strokes and has been withdrawn from the market in the United States ,  the UK ,  the EU ,  Australia ,  Canada ,  Hong Kong ,  Thailand ,  Egypt and Mexico.
A study published in the International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism ,  suggests that combining cardiovascular aerobic exercise with resistance training is more effective than cardiovascular training alone in getting rid of abdominal fat.
An additional benefit to exercising is that it reduces stress and insulin levels, which reduce the presence of cortisol , a hormone that leads to more belly fat deposits. Self-motivation by understanding the risks associated with abdominal obesity is widely regarded as being far more important than worries about cosmetics. In addition, understanding the health issues linked with abdominal obesity can help in the self-motivation process of losing the abdominal fat.
As mentioned above, abdominal fat is linked with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Specifically it's the deepest layer of belly fat the fat you cannot see or grab that poses health risks, as these "visceral" fat cells produce hormones that can affect health e. The risk increases considering the fact that they are located in the proximity or in between organs in the abdominal cavity. For example, fat next to the liver drains into it, causing a fatty liver , which is a risk factor for insulin resistance, setting the stage for Type 2 diabetes.
In the presence of diabetes mellitus type 2 , the physician might instead prescribe metformin and thiazolidinediones rosiglitazone or pioglitazone as antidiabetic drugs rather than sulfonylurea derivatives. Thiazolidinediones may cause slight weight gain but decrease "pathologic" abdominal fat visceral fat , and therefore may be prescribed for diabetics with central obesity.
Low-fat diets may not be an effective long-term intervention for obesity: The conclusion was that mean weight decreased significantly in the intervention group from baseline to year 1 by 2. This difference from baseline between control and intervention groups diminished over time, but a significant difference in weight was maintained through year 9, the end of the study. There is a common misconception that spot exercise that is, exercising a specific muscle or location of the body most effectively burns fat at the desired location, but this is not the case.
Spot exercise is beneficial for building specific muscles, but it has little effect, if any, on fat in that area of the body, or on the body's distribution of body fat. The same logic applies to sit-ups and belly fat. Sit-ups , crunches and other abdominal exercises are useful in building the abdominal muscles , but they have little effect, if any, on the adipose tissue located there. Several colloquial terms used to refer to central obesity, and to people who have it, refer to beer drinking.
However, there is little scientific evidence that beer drinkers are more prone to central obesity, despite its being known colloquially as "beer belly", "beer gut", or "beer pot". One of the few studies conducted on the subject did not find that beer drinkers are more prone to central obesity than nondrinkers or drinkers of wine or spirits. These symptoms can suggest the appearance of central obesity.