How does it work? He said it could be argued that short, sharp sessions put less strain on the heart than lengthier, less intensive ones. Weekend class field trips required. It is important to remember that not all methods and claims are reviewed by the Food and Drug Administration FDA , who ensure the safety and effectiveness of medical devices and prescription and OTC weight-loss medications, but not weight-loss supplements or books. Lincoln National Life Insurance. I did NS about 4 years ago lost almost The tale of Little Red Riding Hood , first written in by Charles Perrault , is largely considered to have had more influence than any other source of literature in forging the wolf's negative reputation in the western world.
This section reviews some of the most popular types of commercial weight-loss products and programs. Non-clinical methods can take many forms. The range of weight-loss methods available is wide, and the claims they make are equally as wide. It is important to remember that not all methods and claims are reviewed by the Food and Drug Administration FDA , who ensure the safety and effectiveness of medical devices and prescription and OTC weight-loss medications, but not weight-loss supplements or books.
A good rule of thumb is if a product or claim sounds too good to be true, it probably is. A reasonable goal is to lose about a pound or two a week. For most people, that means consuming calories less per day, exercising more and eating more nutritious foods. If a weight-loss method claims to help you lose significantly more than one to two pounds a week, steer clear of it.
It is not uncommon for people to turn to popular diet books when seeking to lose or manage weight. Diet books have been around since at least the mid th century, so clearly there is an enduring market for those seeking to improve their weight and health in this way.
How do they work? One of the primary benefits of following a weight-loss program from a book is the cost. Most books are relatively inexpensive to purchase or can be obtained for free from a local library. Most do not require you to invest in packaged foods or other tools.
You are usually looking at some form of dietary change and portion control, often paired with exercise and self-monitoring. For most people, the cost to follow the diet will be similar to what they already spend on the food they eat now.
Depending on your ability to follow the program, you may experience a one to two pound weight-loss per week. The cons of using a diet book as your means of weight-loss include verifying the safety and efficacy of the plan. Authors trying to sell books are often biased, as they profit from book sales, and they may not have the qualifications necessary to provide health advice. With the huge variety of plans available, the simple truth is that some diet books are good and others are not, and if you are not an expert, you may have a hard time choosing what ones are acceptable.
For this reason, it is always good to let a healthcare professional know if you are embarking on a weight-loss plan and to discuss the pros and cons with them.
Marketdata Enterprise reported that in , 80 percent of dieters were using a self-directed program such as a book or Web site, so if this is what you are choosing, you are definitely not alone. Examples of popular diet books that advocate weight-loss methods generally deemed by dietitians to be safe and reasonably effective include:.
Like diet books, web-based diet programs come in many shapes and sizes. Some are free, some charge a fee. Some are nutritionally sound, some are not.
A number of these programs are online versions of in-person programs www. Most online sites offer simple tools like recipes, meal ideas, eating out tips, workouts and progress tracking. Forums or chat-style discussions, which allow users to connect with one another for tips and ideas, are commonly found at these sites.
Like diet books, a self-directed web-based diet program may suit your needs if you are looking for flexible tools to help you manage your weight. In addition, both diet books and web-based diet programs allow people to use regular grocery store food, which most people prefer.
As the quality of the eating plans vary both in their nutrition and safety, especially for those with certain medical conditions, it is best to discuss the plan you have chosen to follow with a healthcare professional before you start.
Perhaps the most complex set of products targeting individuals seeking to lose weight are dietary supplements.
While manufacturing of dietary supplements is regulated by the FDA, companies marketing products in this category do not have to seek pre-market approval. This means that products do not have to undergo studies proving to the FDA that they are safe or effective before being sold. If you are considering using a dietary supplement for weight-loss, it is best to take a list of its ingredients to a healthcare professional or pharmacist to determine if the product is right for you.
Weight-loss results from dietary supplements are often difficult to measure as there are many supplements available that may or may not work in conjunction with another weight-loss strategy, such as exercise or changes in dietary restrictions. As with any weight-loss program, a one to two pound per week weight-loss is recommended for safety and health.
Thus, it is not uncommon to see ads for dietary supplements claiming that you can lose weight rapidly without changing the way you eat, or without lifestyle changes.
The influence of celebrity promoters can contribute to the perception that a product may offer a miracle cure for obesity. In fact, good scientific evidence that they work is generally lacking. There are many different devices available and all come with a host of options, such as online tools, smartphone apps and more. This in turn allows them to make adjustments accordingly.
Body monitors are significantly more accurate than pedometers, which only measure steps taken and not the intensity of activities. Body monitoring devices alone will not result in weight-loss. These devices are meant to be used along with a weight-loss option. The benefit of using a body monitor is that a wearer will get a good understanding of which of their activities burn calories best. The downside is that food logging can become tiring, and the ability of a body monitor to accurately calculate calories depends entirely on how well the wearer tracks their food consumption.
In addition, not everyone wants to wear an armband or carry a device at all times. How does it work? It is the only FDA-approved weight-loss medication that is available OTC and available at a higher dose with a prescription. It is a capsule that is usually taken three times per day before a meal that contains dietary fat. It works by decreasing the amount of fat your body absorbs. What's popular on Walmart is the Nutrisystem weight loss kits.
All meals in this kit Breakfasts, Lunches, Dinners, and Snacks have been voted 1 by Nutrisystem dieters for taste, freshness, and overall satisfaction. Costco doesn't sell Nutrisystem products. This is the cheapest way to buy Nutrisystem. You pick the plan that fits your lifestyle and you place your order. You will receive your food in business days.
The food, which will arrive in styrofoam boxes, will last for four weeks. Wolves apparently develop the "furious" phase of rabies to a very high degree which, coupled with their size and strength, makes rabid wolves perhaps the most dangerous of rabid animals,  with bites from rabid wolves being 15 times more dangerous than those of rabid dogs.
Most rabid wolf attacks occur in the spring and autumn periods. Unlike with predatory attacks, the victims of rabid wolves are not eaten, and the attacks generally only occur on a single day. The victims are chosen at random, though the majority of cases involve adult men. In the half-century up to , there were eight fatal attacks in Europe and Russia, and more than in south Asia.
Wolves are difficult to hunt because of their elusiveness, sharp senses, high endurance, and ability to quickly incapacitate and kill hunting dogs. This method relies heavily on the wolf's fear of human scents, though it can lose its effectiveness when wolves become accustomed to the smell. Wild wolves are sometimes kept as exotic pets and, in some rarer occasions, as working animals. Although closely related to domesticated dogs , wolves do not show the same tractability as dogs in living alongside humans, and generally, much more work is required in order to obtain the same amount of reliability.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Gray wolf. This article is about the gray wolf, canis lupus , and its subspecies.
For other species of wolf and other uses, see Wolf disambiguation. For other uses, see Grey Wolf disambiguation. Middle Pleistocene — present , years BP . Linnaeus , . Subspecies of Canis lupus. Evolution of the wolf. List of gray wolf populations by country. Wolves in folklore, religion and mythology. Wolf attacks on humans and List of wolf attacks. Wolf hunting and Wolf hunting with dogs.
Human uses of hunted wolves. Wolves as pets and working animals. However, neither dogs nor dingoes are referred to as gray wolves. Throughout this article, the term "wolf" will be used to refer collectively to naturally occurring subspecies, especially the nominate subspecies, Canis lupus lupus. This terminology was first used in by Rudolf Schenkel of the University of Basel , who based his findings on researching the behavior of captive gray wolves.
This view on gray wolf pack dynamics was later popularized by L. David Mech in his book The Wolf. He formally disavowed this terminology in , explaining that it was heavily based on the behavior of captive packs consisting of unrelated individuals, an error reflecting the once prevailing view that wild pack formation occurred in winter among independent gray wolves.
Later research on wild gray wolves revealed that the pack is usually a family consisting of a breeding pair and its offspring of the previous 1—3 years. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Tomus I in Latin 10 ed. Retrieved November 23, Gray wolf Canis lupus and allies", in Feldhamer, George A. Wild Mammals of North America: Grey wolf Canis lupus Linnaeus, , pp.
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African palm civet N. Angolan slender mongoose G. Ethiopian dwarf mongoose H. Family Viverridae includes Civets.
Small-toothed palm civet A. Sulawesi palm civet M. Masked palm civet P. Golden wet-zone palm civet P. Owston's palm civet C. Hose's palm civet D. Banded palm civet H. Malabar large-spotted civet V. Small Indian civet V. Broad-striped Malagasy mongoose G.
American black bear U. Molina's hog-nosed skunk C. Sunda stink badger M. Southern spotted skunk S. Eastern lowland olingo B. Western mountain coati N. South American fur seal A. Northern fur seal C.
Steller sea lion E. Australian sea lion N. South American sea lion O. New Zealand sea lion P. California sea lion Z. Northern elephant seal M. Mediterranean monk seal M. Family Canidae includes dogs. African wild dog L. African clawless otter A. North American river otter L. Saharan striped polecat I.
African striped weasel P. Hinny Lord Morton's mare Mule Zebroid. Humanzee Hybrid orangutan Koolakamba. Polecat-ferret hybrid Polecat-mink hybrid. ABC Islands bear Grizzly—polar bear hybrid. Armiger Law of heraldic arms Grant of arms Blazon. Conventional elements of coats of arms Escutcheon. National coat of arms Arms of dominion Ecclesiastical heraldry Burgher arms Civic heraldry Canting arms Attributed arms. Dolphin Ged Seahorse Lucy esox Scallop. Bat Bee Crapaudy toad Emmet ant Serpent. Phaleristics List of oldest heraldry Women in heraldry Socialist heraldry Vexillology.
Eurasian wolf Canis lupus lupus. Canis lupus Linnaeus , . Problems playing this file? Wikimedia Commons has media related to Canis lupus.