Carb Cycling: The Turbo Cycle

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While smoothies would not have the same affect, would they still be considered a cleanse? Mandura Compensation Plan The Mandura compensation plan is a one leg, straight line one team compensation plan. This flagship product was followed by four additional proprietary products: Get links to both of these in this post: Body Wise International manufactures and sells nutritional products with a focus on health enhancement, weight management, cholesterol concerns and athletic performance.

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You should rest and relax during the first few days of your juice fast. As far as protein you can add an unflavored protein isolate to your juices. Just keep them in airtight containers and store them in the refrigerator and they should hold for around 8 hours. I am new to this juicing experience.

I bought a juicer and a few items. I am thinking of doing the 3 day cleanse. I am looking to juice for a variety of reasons. To eat healthier, lose weight and have more energy. Any advice or guidance would be appreciated. Read this article to see what to do after your fast: As far as cooking, look up some easy vegetarian recipes to get you started. After a while feel free to start using proteins like chicken breasts or lean beef.

Let me know if you have questions. What other supplements are you taking? I seem to always get medium to large cucumbers. I usually drink spinach carrot and apple. James, just spoon off the froth or get a froth removing cup. Most juices will have some froth. Some more so than others. Jacob, you should have between juices per day. There are six juices there for you to choose from.

You can have any combination of them that you like. Or you can have the same juice a few times throughout the day too. What if you did 2 days of juicing and the third day attempted to eat solid foods then juiced the remaining of the day?

Rj, if you do that, you are hindering the progress of your fast. Leave out the solids! Now that winter break just started I decided to try it for three days. Is it safe to juice at 16? Make sure your parents know about it and understand what it is you are doing. Best wishes to you! My husband and I are thinking about trying juicing; he has many health issues, diabetes for example and is on many medications. He is concerned that he will need food to take with his medications.

How can he safely do this? Terri, I always recommend talking with a doctor when doing a juice fast while on medications. Diabetes and juicing work really well together if you keep the sugars down to a minimum.

If you would like to talk with someone who has diabetes and did an 80 day juice fast then head over to the JOJ forums and talk with Andy. I wish you and your husband all the best Terri! I just started my 3day juice fast coz I have only 3days off.. Thanks A lot for your help.. Have a juice when you feel hungry. Jade, anything with a rind on it should be peeled. Lemons and Oranges should both be peeled. Congrats on starting your first juice fast! They only have limes. How can I substitute the lemons?

I work in a call center with a 30 min lunch and trying to find the best way to juice and get my drinks in? Occasionally the centre is still mildly frozen so I just squeeze the plastic bottle to break down the mass and it soon melts.

I am vegeterian,and having hypothyroidism and anemic. So I am using thyroid and iron tablets. Can I start this juice diet without any problems, While I am using these medications? Victor, you should be able to highlight the recipes you want, right click, and select print selected. Hi was just wondering what the consistency of the juice should be as mine is more smoothie, quite thick with piedes of veg still in it? Louise, your juice should be about the consistency of water.

You may want to strain your juice after it comes out or try to get a new juicer. What juicer are you using? Keep me posted Louise.

Would you recommend limiting how many of a juice you have a day? Say you will consume 5 a day, can you break it up into 2 breakfast juices spread out from eachother 1 from the lunch recipes and 2 from dinner? Ann, just have a juice when you get hungry. Let me know if you have any questions Ann. I am excited to launch this on Monday!

I have a question tho…. I am going to commit to the 7 day and see how that goes! Looking forward to it!!! Why does your body need to digest food? To break it down, extract the nutrients, and pass the rest on as waste. When you juice the juice is already broken down, nutrients are already ready for absorption, and there is no waste. Please read this article for a more in depth answer: Can i add 1 scoop of whey protein on my juice for breakfast, lunch and dinner?

Can i still run 10km or do a 2-hour intense workout cardio, abs, obliques, arms, back, shoulders with 5lbs dumb bells while on this diet? Do you lose same amount of weight if you have carrot and orange juice with some other fruits……. Remember, the less sugar, the better. Let me know if you have any questions. Hi Donnie… I just started the 3 day plan today But i was wondering does it makes a difference in drinking the juice or the results afterwards if my day starts by 1 PM and then i sleep by almost 1 AM..

So i had the breakfast juice at 1 PM today and then i will have lunch juice by evening and then dinner juice by almost 10 or 11 PM? Amey, there are no set times while on a juice fast. Just start your day off like normal and have a juice when you wake up and get ready for the day.

If you usually wake up and are up by 1, then have your first juice at that time. Hanna, sorry for the late response. The only thing you want to have is juice. If you do exercise keep it lite and easy. Susan, you can store your juices as long as you keep them in airtight containers and put them in the refrigerator. So if your hungry, have a juice Susan. Keep me posted on your progress.

I am in my third day of JOJ. Yesterday a horrible headache, just read could happen. Today I am better. The only way I could drink these juices is adding more fruits, ex. My question to you is, is still good this detox diet if at the end of the day I had 8 apples and 6 oranges?

I will try to keep doing this diet as much as I can, though, I am getting tired, no because I am dying to eat because I am not unbelievable!!! Loli, you have to come to a decision and decide if being bored with your juices for a few more days or weeks is worth the reward of your health. I know it is well worth it. When you add more fruits you are adding more sugar. If you consume too much sugar it will get stored as fat.

Lowering your sugar intake will help lose or maintain weight. You can do anything for a week or two if you really want to. Take a look at the substitution list http: Try heading into the recipe section of the JOJ forums and see whats there. There are some delicious soup recipes that you can enjoy with your boyfriend too. And will me being loaded up with pain pills going to kill the whole purpose of doing a juice cleanse?

Megan, welcome to JOJ! As far as your meds stick to them and use them for pain as needed like your dentist will tell you. Let me know what happens. So I discussed it with the dentist before the surgery, and he suggested against it, but not for the reasons I was worried about.

He said that with all the antibiotics and narcotics I would be on, I really needed to be taking them with solid food to avoid nausea. Megan, if you start juicing but stick to plant based foods when taking your medications, that would be a great start for you. Let me know how things turn out. Hey Donnie, I was doing some research on fasting and came across your site.

I was encouraged by your readers comments and I wanted to chat with you. I have been struggling with weight loss for about 5 yrs now.

However, with that said, I am above ground and grateful. During that time, I have put on approx 40 lbs and I can not stand it any longer. I visited my doctor and test revealed that my thyroid is sub-optimal. Perimenopausal and low thyroid makes it very difficult to loose wt. I have contemplated a juice fast for some time and just recently watched a documentary by Joe Cross fat,tired and almost dead.

Anyway, I viewed it and was amazed. I have been doing mostly a plant based diet for about a yr now and still struggling. I do struggle with carbs of the flour kind. My doctor informs me that a low thyroid can prevent wt loss and white flour foods. I want to do a 10 day juice fast challenge and then re-evaluate. If all is well, repeat the 10 days. My ultimate goal is to do a 30 day fast. Then begin a plant based diet afterwards. My doctor has me on antidepressants and thyroid medication. He wants me to continue them while on this fast and hopefully, I will be able to reduce then completely stop the antidepressant.

Is it as safe as I think it is to do a 30 day fast? Also, I do have an embarrassing question….. If I am successful with a 30 day fast, I know you absorb the nutrients, but do you not have a BM for the entire time?

I am somewhat concerned about an issue like that. In the documentary, Joe Cross did it for 60 days no pooping for 60 days makes my stomach hurt. He does looks awesome though AND was able to discontinue his medications. Another man featured in the documentary was a truck driver named Phil. In the end when I viewed this man playing with his son and then running, I was hooked. I know this has been long and winded, but any advice would be greatly appreciated.

However, I would like to know your thoughts on the 30 day fast. Just keep listening to your body. If you feel you can go on after 10 days then do so. It may also be good to schedule a doctors visit after the first 15 days to get a check up. Let me know how things go Linda. Donnie, what do you suggest for someone who has IBS, candidiasis, and a slow motility rate digestively? I could never digest oz oz of liquid water or otherwise fast enough in time for the next juice.

Would I be better off doing ounces of each times a day? Any comments would be helpful. Rita, one thing that you should understand when you juice is that juice is not digested but absorbed. I think you will be fine if you stick to the plan.

How long in advance can you juice while still receiving the benefits? Can I juice a days worth of juice at once? I would get all my prep done the night before so I could have my morning juice fresh and then bring a few to work with me. Depending on what type of juicer you have you may be able to juice them. Stay away from blenders until after your juice fast. They are great for smoothies when you come off of your fast Brian.

I just stumbled to your site by chance. I am planning to start my 3 day cleanse. I would love my husband to join in too. He is diabetic, so I wanted to know if you have any advice for him. Also, use plenty of produce that contains protein. I wish you both the best. Piper, why was your first attempt a failure?

I would stop with the supplements assuming they are protein or other nutritional supplements but continue with any medications you are on. Hi Donnie, Today is my third day being on a 3-day cleanse. The first two days were awful,but my third day is going great. I do not crave solid food and feel a lot energized today.

I think I will add four more days and jump to a 7-day cleanse. In two days I have lost 4 pounds and my aim is to lose 26 pounds more. I have few questions for you. If I forget to take my juice to work which I often do , how can I pass the rest of my day without fainting? There are few convenient store and a grocery store. What would be the best thing to buy from there? Are tropicana juices alright?

Also, what should I do when I crave salt? Samir, congrats on day 3 of your juice fast! Stay away from any store bought juices if you can. The only one I would suggest you have if you are in a pinch is the green juice from naked juice. Everything else is just going to load you up with sugar. As far as a salty taste, include more celery into your juices. Celery contains natural sodium and works well to help with that craving.

Let me know if you have any questions Samir. Thanks again for your advice, you have no idea how grateful I am to you for inspiring me to regain my health! I got it now. Congrats on completing day 3 Ivette! Donny, thank you so much for creating this site! A couple of weeks ago I stumbled across your site and read through for a couple of days and then tried out the 3 day cleanse. I lost 5 pounds and felt better overall because it allowed me to stop kick my caffeine addiction. I took a break from the clean eating for a bit because we had family visiting us for a week but because I was eating smaller portions, I continued to lose a few pounds.

I decided to do another juice fast because other than drinking coffee, I started to pick up on some of my old bad eating habits, which included, indulging in sweets and overeating. My goal is to get down to which is a few pounds more than what I weighed 12 years ago when I got married, before having 3 kids. I was always blessed with a fast metabolism and consequently was able to eat anything I wanted without it changing the outer appearance of my body.

However recently because of years of poor food choices I became overweight according to my standards and though my only health complaint were migraine headaches, I knew that I needed to improve the quality of my internal health. I may stay on the cleanse after tomorrow, I will play it by ear.

I will say that this time around, I have not been as tempted to eat as I was on my first cleanse. Example, today I only had 3 all day. I ended up getting a headache today, I guess it was because I needed more nutrients in my body.

I very much dislike kale and cucumbers also but I usually add cucumbers because they render a lot of liquid. I understand that my palate may change after continued cleanses, at least I hope it does. Anyhow, I have stopped adding celery and beets to my juices also as I felt sick to my stomach just with the smell.

I wish I was like some of you that drink it quickly and find it tasty even. Sarivette, congrats on your juice fast and your weight loss. Not all juices are going to taste great to all people. The substitution list is a great place to start: You should be drinking your juices within 15 minutes to get the max benefits from them. Juices are absorbed within 15 minutes of you consuming them. Find juices that you like and experiment with those.

Start with taking a recipe you really enjoy and then try substituting 1 or 2 things in it. This is a great way to not only experiment but to try out new ingredients. The juices per day is just a figure. Everybody is different and some people can go with only 3 juices per day. So as long as you listen to your body, you will be fine. A enjoyable juice makes a huge difference. I wish you all the best Sarivette. Thanks Donny, your advice is most helpful. I plan to experiment with different vegetable combinations like you suggested.

I do enjoy a few of the recipes that you have posted, but they tend to be the sweet ones that one would consume in the morning. Try not to force yourself to drink them, start out making juices that you really enjoy, even if they are more fruity.

After a while start to use less fruit and more veggies. Your body will adjust. Beatrice, a Vitamix is not a viable option for juicing. Read this article for a more in depth answer as to why you must use a juicer to juice: As far as the recipes go, mix and match them anyway you like. Let me know if you have any questions Beatrice. Hi Donnie, 1st day on juice diet..

So far so good. Can I drink herbal tea ie mango and cinnamon? Emma, congrats on day 1 of your juice fast! Herbal tea is great to drink while on the fast! Try to keep it decaf if possible. Cinnamon and mango sound delicious and I bet make for a good tea! For example the 6 suggested recipes called for 8 apples where the shopping list said 24, and 14 cucumbers where 4 and a half will do.

Eddie, take a closer look at the plan. If you follow all 6 juices that comes out to be 8 apples per day. No need to sellotape them back on the tree. I think you are looking at it from the perspective of 3 juices per day. In actuality you will have between juices per day as you feel hungry. I hope this helps to clarify it up a bit for you. Let me know if you have any questions Eddie. Just have one question. Can I drink just 1 cup of milk with a little coffee in it in morning? Caffeine is a toxin you try to rid your body of when you go on a juice fast.

You can take tylenol or ibuprofen while you are on the juice fast. Once you overcome the caffeine withdraw it will be easy for you. You can do it Rati! Just choose any 4, 5, or 6 juices and everything is there for you to get started. Have the morning ones towards morning, the lunch juices around lunch, and the dinner ones later on in the afternoon as you feel hungry.

Everyone is different so you may only need 4 juices whereas some people might need 6. Let me know if you have any questions Angie. After the detox , since you dont eat actual meals. Do you gain all the weight back? Cause I see this as basically just a liquid diet but when foods come back so does the weight. Also , be careful when you finally eat , dont eat like you normally would. You will have to find a restroom pretty fast. Not to sound disgusting , but im telling you that going from liquid to solid takes a toll on your digestive system.

Eat light and eat right BTW , these juices sound better than the Oz detox. Amy, if you go back to your previous eating habits, of course you will gain back the weight. Juicing not only helps you lose weight but helps you to get on a better diet once you are off the fast.

Read through this article as it will help you to understand how best to eat after your fast: I just started on the juice cleanse! I want to use it going into a new diet! But, I bought a juicer like you said, but I bought a citrus juicer… and I do not think this was the correct machine to buy… will this still work? Coral, shoot me a link to the brand and model of the citrus juicer that you purchased.

Going to give the 3-day fast a try. Daphne, congrats on 88 pounds lost. How long did it take you to lose the weight while on weight watchers? As far as substitutions just take a look at the substitution list here: I am going to try this juicing fast but I have a few questions. I wanted to know about bananas. You do not have that listed. I have bought fruits and veggies but how will I know if I am doing it right or giving my body what it needs if I make my own juices.

Can I do fruits without veggies in am and included veggies in afternoon and evening drinks. I really want to know becuase I am really excited about this and I would like to do it correctly. I need to lose pounds and I need to feel better due to some health issues and I believe this will cleanse my body and give me more energy throughout my day. Thanks for your website it really has give me a boost reading others comments.

Use at least 5 or more ingredients. Make sure I use at least one protein rich ingredient kale, spinach, romaine lettuce, etc. Juices are at least 16 ounces. If you stick to that and have between juices per day, you will be fine Monica. Let me know if you have any quetsions. I am encouraged with this site.

Im also a newbie starting a 3 day juice diet. I want to cleanse, detox and lose weight. I have lost 16 normally but would like to lose my last Is this a morning noon and night thing or is it every 3. Can we add a protein drink plus less fruit if we want to? Judy, welcome to JOJ! You should have between juices per day with each being about ounces.

Just listen to your body and have a juice when you are hungry. If you must have extra protein then I would suggest only using a pure unflavored protein isolate powder to mix into your juices. This wont cause too much of a difference in your results either way.

Hi, I am almost done with day one and I must say I have never heard my stomach growl so loud in my life. I thought a monster was under my bed. I had to take a long nap to save the fridge from my hunger lol. I saw that you said we should drink 4 juices but you only list 3 a day. I am trying the 3 day plan to see how I do, I have pounds to lose and I am getting married soon How much do you think it is possible to lose while juice fasting?

I am a judge foodie and love to eat…thank god for fast metabolism. However, I have a friend who is trying to loose around pounds and she was able to shed about 5 pounds in 3 days. I wish you best of luck and congrats on the upcoming marriage! After you go through detox that will stop.

Detox usually lasts days. There are six recipes for you to choose from on the list Ebonee. You should be taking in between juices per day based on how hungry you get.

That will definitely help with your stomach issues. You can have whatever juices you want to try out too. Feel free to experiment!

I just saw your comment about detox lasting days. How do you know when you are out of it? This is the first time that I have gotten past a day. Your recipes are milder than others, which is helping me. I am down 2 pounds after the first day. Feel free to experiment with your recipes and try out new things if you want to. It keeps it fun and exciting. Congrats on the weight loss so far, you are going to do great Dave! Does it get easier?

Mary, that dreadful feeling is because you are going through detox after years of your previous eating habits. Give your body time to undo all that and get back to a healthy state. The taste will get batter as your taste buds reset and adjust. Meaghan, read through the site.

I recommend you have between juices per day with each being between ounces. Norma, if you did that it would defeat the purpose of the juice fast. Eating any solids on the fast will work against it. Juicing works by resting, cleansing, and hydrating your digestive system.

Stick to the juice for a a few days and then start including solids. I just started juicing on Monday. Ok well sort of, I just make a mean green everyday and drink it.

So Ive decided next week because I have a wine thing on Sat. Im excited to try this. Nikki, congrats on committing to a 3 day juice fast! Try it out for 3 days and then extend it. Try rolling up your spinach or kale into a big ball when juicing it. It will help you to get more juice out of them. Give it a shot and let me know how it works out for you heather. It should work out fine for you. Hi Donnie, I just got a juicer for my birthday yesterday, and I will be starting a juice fast tomorrow morning.

I have been procrastinating this for a while now, but since I got the right kind of juicer, I am definitely going to start tomorrow. I am thinking I will start off with a 3 day fast, but my goal is 7 days, at the least.

I work hours a day, and my work day starts at 5am. Compared with individuals that did not use steroids, young adult males that used AAS reported greater involvement in violent behaviors even after controlling for the effects of key demographic variables, previous violent behavior, and polydrug use. The drug response was highly variable. The mechanism of these variable reactions could not be explained by demographic, psychological, laboratory, or physiological measures.

A study of two pairs of identical twins, in which one twin used AAS and the other did not, found that in both cases the steroid-using twin exhibited high levels of aggressiveness, hostility, anxiety, and paranoid ideation not found in the "control" twin.

The relationship between AAS use and depression is inconclusive. There have been anecdotal reports of depression and suicide in teenage steroid users, [] but little systematic evidence. A review found that AAS may both relieve and cause depression, and that cessation or diminished use of AAS may also result in depression, but called for additional studies due to disparate data.

Androgens such as testosterone , androstenedione and dihydrotestosterone are required for the development of organs in the male reproductive system , including the seminal vesicles , epididymis , vas deferens , penis and prostate. The pharmacodynamics of AAS are unlike peptide hormones. However, as fat-soluble hormones, AAS are membrane-permeable and influence the nucleus of cells by direct action. The pharmacodynamic action of AAS begin when the exogenous hormone penetrates the membrane of the target cell and binds to an androgen receptor AR located in the cytoplasm of that cell.

From there, the compound hormone-receptor diffuses into the nucleus, where it either alters the expression of genes [] or activates processes that send signals to other parts of the cell. The effect of AAS on muscle mass is caused in at least two ways: It has been hypothesized that this reduction in muscle breakdown may occur through AAS inhibiting the action of other steroid hormones called glucocorticoids that promote the breakdown of muscles.

As their name suggests, AAS have two different, but overlapping, types of effects: Some examples of the anabolic effects of these hormones are increased protein synthesis from amino acids , increased appetite, increased bone remodeling and growth, and stimulation of bone marrow , which increases the production of red blood cells.

Through a number of mechanisms AAS stimulate the formation of muscle cells and hence cause an increase in the size of skeletal muscles , leading to increased strength.

The androgenic effects of AAS are numerous. Depending on the length of use, the side effects of the steroid can be irreversible. Processes affected include pubertal growth, sebaceous gland oil production, and sexuality especially in fetal development. Some examples of virilizing effects are growth of the clitoris in females and the penis in male children the adult penis size does not change due to steroids [ medical citation needed ] , increased vocal cord size, increased libido , suppression of natural sex hormones , and impaired production of sperm.

Men may develop an enlargement of breast tissue, known as gynecomastia, testicular atrophy, and a reduced sperm count. Compounds with a high ratio of androgenic to an anabolic effects are the drug of choice in androgen-replacement therapy e.

This disassociation is less marked in humans, where all AAS have significant androgenic effects. A commonly used protocol for determining the androgenic: The VP weight is an indicator of the androgenic effect, while the LA weight is an indicator of the anabolic effect. Two or more batches of rats are castrated and given no treatment and respectively some AAS of interest. Animal studies also found that fat mass was reduced, but most studies in humans failed to elucidate significant fat mass decrements.

The effects on lean body mass have been shown to be dose-dependent. Both muscle hypertrophy and the formation of new muscle fibers have been observed. The hydration of lean mass remains unaffected by AAS use, although small increments of blood volume cannot be ruled out. The upper region of the body thorax, neck, shoulders, and upper arm seems to be more susceptible for AAS than other body regions because of predominance of ARs in the upper body.

After drug withdrawal, the effects fade away slowly, but may persist for more than 6—12 weeks after cessation of AAS use. Overall, the exercise where the most significant improvements were observed is the bench press. The measurement of the dissociation between anabolic and androgenic effects among AAS is based largely on a simple although arguably unsophisticated and outdated model involving rat tissue bioassays.

The intracellular metabolism theory explains how and why remarkable dissociation between anabolic and androgenic effects can occur despite the fact that these effects are mediated through the same signaling receptor, and of course why dissociation is invariably incomplete. An animal study found that two different kinds of androgen response elements could differentially respond to testosterone and DHT upon activation of the AR. Changes in endogenous testosterone levels may also contribute to differences in myotrophic—androgenic ratio between testosterone and synthetic AAS.

Testosterone can be metabolized by aromatase into estradiol , and many other AAS can be metabolized into their corresponding estrogenic metabolites as well. The major effect of estrogenicity is gynecomastia woman-like breasts. AAS are androstane or estrane steroids. As well as others such as 1-dehydrogenation e. The most commonly employed human physiological specimen for detecting AAS usage is urine, although both blood and hair have been investigated for this purpose.

The AAS, whether of endogenous or exogenous origin, are subject to extensive hepatic biotransformation by a variety of enzymatic pathways. The primary urinary metabolites may be detectable for up to 30 days after the last use, depending on the specific agent, dose and route of administration.

A number of the drugs have common metabolic pathways, and their excretion profiles may overlap those of the endogenous steroids, making interpretation of testing results a very significant challenge to the analytical chemist. Methods for detection of the substances or their excretion products in urine specimens usually involve gas chromatography—mass spectrometry or liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.

The use of gonadal steroids pre-dates their identification and isolation. Medical use of testicle extract began in the late 19th century while its effects on strength were still being studied. In the s, it was already known that the testes contain a more powerful androgen than androstenone , and three groups of scientists, funded by competing pharmaceutical companies in the Netherlands, Germany, and Switzerland, raced to isolate it.

The chemical synthesis of testosterone was achieved in August that year, when Butenandt and G. Wettstein, announced a patent application in a paper "On the Artificial Preparation of the Testicular Hormone Testosterone Androstenoneol. Clinical trials on humans, involving either oral doses of methyltestosterone or injections of testosterone propionate , began as early as Kennedy was administered steroids both before and during his presidency.

The development of muscle-building properties of testosterone was pursued in the s, in the Soviet Union and in Eastern Bloc countries such as East Germany, where steroid programs were used to enhance the performance of Olympic and other amateur weight lifters.

In response to the success of Russian weightlifters, the U. The new steroid was approved for use in the U. It was most commonly administered to burn victims and the elderly. The drug's off-label users were mostly bodybuilders and weight lifters. Although Ziegler prescribed only small doses to athletes, he soon discovered that those having abused Dianabol suffered from enlarged prostates and atrophied testes.

Three major ideas governed modifications of testosterone into a multitude of AAS: Androgens were discovered in the s and were characterized as having effects described as androgenic i. Although anabolic steroid was originally intended to specifically describe testosterone-derived steroids with a marked dissociation of anabolic and androgenic effect, it is applied today indiscriminately to all steroids with AR agonism-based anabolic effects regardless of their androgenic potency, including even non-synthetic steroids like testosterone itself.

The legal status of AAS varies from country to country: Unlawful distribution or possession with intent to distribute AAS as a first offense is punished by up to ten years in prison. Those guilty of buying or selling AAS in Canada can be imprisoned for up to 18 months. In Canada, researchers have concluded that steroid use among student athletes is extremely widespread. A study conducted in by the Canadian Centre for Drug-Free Sport found that nearly 83, Canadians between the ages of 11 and 18 use steroids.

AAS are readily available without a prescription in some countries such as Mexico and Thailand. The history of the U.

The same act also introduced more stringent controls with higher criminal penalties for offenses involving the illegal distribution of AAS and human growth hormone. By the early s, after AAS were scheduled in the U. In the Controlled Substances Act, AAS are defined to be any drug or hormonal substance chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone other than estrogens , progestins , and corticosteroids that promote muscle growth.

The act was amended by the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of , which added prohormones to the list of controlled substances , with effect from January 20, In the United Kingdom, AAS are classified as class C drugs for their illegal abuse potential, which puts them in the same class as benzodiazepines.

Part 1 drugs are subject to full import and export controls with possession being an offence without an appropriate prescription. There is no restriction on the possession when it is part of a medicinal product. Part 2 drugs require a Home Office licence for importation and export unless the substance is in the form of a medicinal product and is for self-administration by a person.

Many other countries have similar legislation prohibiting AAS in sports including Denmark, [] France, [] the Netherlands [] and Sweden. United States federal law enforcement officials have expressed concern about AAS use by police officers. It's not that we set out to target cops, but when we're in the middle of an active investigation into steroids, there have been quite a few cases that have led back to police officers," says Lawrence Payne, a spokesman for the United States Drug Enforcement Administration.

Following the murder-suicide of Chris Benoit in , the Oversight and Government Reform Committee investigated steroid usage in the wrestling industry. The documents stated that 75 wrestlers—roughly 40 percent—had tested positive for drug use since , most commonly for steroids.

AAS are frequently produced in pharmaceutical laboratories, but, in nations where stricter laws are present, they are also produced in small home-made underground laboratories, usually from raw substances imported from abroad.

As with most significant smuggling operations, organized crime is involved. In the late s, the worldwide trade in illicit AAS increased significantly, and authorities announced record captures on three continents. In , Finnish authorities announced a record seizure of A year later, the DEA seized In the first three months of , Australian customs reported a record seizures of AAS shipments. Illegal AAS are sometimes sold at gyms and competitions, and through the mail, but may also be obtained through pharmacists, veterinarians, and physicians.

AAS, alone and in combination with progestogens , have been studied as potential male hormonal contraceptives. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about androgens as medications. For androgens as natural hormones, see Androgen. Ergogenic use of anabolic steroids. Use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

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The company offers programs for personal development, as well as high-quality natural products, designed to help people lose weight or achieve their personal fitness goals. Yoli's products include the Better Body Day Transformation System, which promises that users will see results as soon as 48 hours after starting, and can also lose pounds in just 7 days of use. Clinical trials for the Better Body System are available online at Yoli's web page.

Other products include YES, a nutritional shake, Alkalete, a patented pH supplement, Thermo Burn, a natural energy formula sold in the form of capsules, and several other health and energy formulas made from all natural ingredients. Cal Nutriscience founders decided to focus on an innovative weight loss nutrition program and products to design a company and reward-focused pay plan for their business.

The business opportunity is based on sales of the Core 4 product line via direct marketing with bonus system of profit making.

Enlyten, a multi-level marketing and direct sales company, manufactures and distributes thin dissolving strips for the benefit of improving health, energy, and sleep.

The company website, dated , states that distributors are offered the opportunity to earn income from 12 streams; with generations forming one step up from independent distributor, and company matched checks starting 4 tiers up the ladder. Enlyten further boasts a team of medical professionals including a cardiologist, orthopedic surgeon, and chief of medical staff, among others.

The company is not on the stock exchange, and therefore no financial data is available at this time. Beachbody is a health and fitness company that got its start 11 years ago when its founder and current CEO, Carl Daikeler, began selling health and fitness products using telemarketing. The company is dedicated to helping people reach their fitness goals through the use of nutrition and exercise with the help of motivation and commitment.

The Beachbody program offers a full line of nutritional supplements and fitness programs on DVD, as well as the Team Beachbody Club, where members can receive diet and exercise advice and have access to trainers. Vemma is a family-run company from the creators of New Vision. Vemma operates from a 26, square foot home office in Scottsdale, Arizona with a 25, square-foot distribution center. Vemma and their energy drink Verve are involved with several sports endorsements and sponsorships.

You can try a Vemma Free Sample Here. Nurishe is headquartered in Provo, Utah, and has the stated mission goal of nourishing people around the world through the highest quality live whole food nutrition and life-affirming education.

Nuriche contains the nutritional benefits of over 70 vegetables, seeds, fruits, sprouts and nuts. The product is consumed by adding the nutritional powder to water to provide the daily requirement of fruits and vegetables. The Trump Network is the new name of a network marketing company owned by Donald Trump.

Trump acquired Ideal Health and relaunched the company under his new name in October, Headquartered in Bend, Oregon, efusjon energy club markets a line of specialty energy beverages made with all-natural ingredients and no preservatives or additives. According to the efusjon marketing materials, there are over 75 years combined experience between President and co-founder Robert Towles and the executive team.

Synaura International is a new company founded by Dan Maltais. Synaura will be offering four formulas of Avia. Kiiera considers is VIV product a new aproach to healthy supplements. The product has antioxidant qualities, and the company claims their product begins where other super juice products leave off. Healthient offers a line of healthy snacks and beverages through network marketing and direct-to-consumer channels.

Healthient is committed to helping people achieve and maintain a healthy weight and to preventing childhood obesity. OneBode, a Holistic Health Company, has a goal of addressesing the need for individuals to have access to quality supplements. They offer high grade whole food nutrients proven by research to help nutritionally support the body - and help determine the amounts each customer needs. OneBode primarily focuses on preventive maintenance of the body through holistic health approaches.

This reward allows for unlimited friends, and up to four generations of their friends. According to the company marketing materials, eXfuze uses only the parts of the fruits that are viable and necessary; discarding the unusable portions in favor of adding ingredients that will be beneficially nutritious in a product that is competitively priced.

According to prelaunch information, Qivana is being launched by former principals of McKesson Pharmaceuticals and four former distributors from Tahitian Noni, Xango, Nuskin, and Usana. According to marketing pages posted about he company, the Qivana website prelaunch is scheduled for March 1, , with the company launch tentatively set for September or October, AloeBoost is an antioxidant product from Real Aloe, Inc.

The mission of Zoegetics is to create a more positive and healthy lifestyle, one family at a time. Zoegetics' flagship product is Zoe Life, a nutritional drink mix containing a powdered form of fruits and vegetables. Zoegetics will continue in its mission to influence a healthier lifestyle by introducing the "Zoe Wellness Web.

Zoegetics commits a percentage of profits to various charities. RightSize markets a meal replacement smoothie designed to be used in a weight loss program. RightSize Health and Nutrition Corporation is committed to customer service, prompt product shipping, media marketing and corporate branding.

RightSize's radio advertisements engage local personalities who use and endorse RightSize products, thereby creating demand and business for local distributors. RightSize distributors have the opportunity to earn income from their personal direct sales and to build a network of distributors to increase their income potential. In addition to earnings generated from direct sales, RightSize offers its distributors a bonus-based distributor network plan. MAXeGEN is committed to providing high-quality nutritional products to people who desire balance in their lives.

MAXeGEN's compensation plan is designed to reward its distributors through all stages of their business growth. Mandura offers a beverage containing ingredients from the Durian fruit and the Mangosteen combined with Brazilian Acai berry and the North American Blueberry. Mandura offers a risk free 30 day trial and full refund. Mandura Compensation Plan The Mandura compensation plan is a one leg, straight line one team compensation plan. O3World offers products that combine lifestyle and nutritional ingredients to optimize weight management.

O3World's distributors share the products through visual demonstration, DVDs, or online. O3World's parent company, Forever Green, is a public company which has been in business since and has a presence in more than 10 countries. Founded and wholly owned by Noel and John Turner, the owners of Turner New Zealand, Inc and Turner Foods, the company plans to launch with their flagship product omega-3 and antioxidant to market through direct sales channels and distributors.

Team Beachbody helps people meet their fitness goals with a combination of nutrition, exercise, motivation and commitment. Team Beachbody offers a full line of nutritional supplements and fitness programs on DVD, as well as the Team Beachbody Club, where members can find diet and exercise advice and have access to trainers.

To help ensure results, a Coach is assigned to every Team Beachbody member. Team Beachbody Coaches are independent business owners who have the opportunity to receive financial rewards according to Team Beachbody's compensation plan.

Commissions and cash bonuses are paid to Coaches who build successful business centers. InnerLight is committed to offering products that enable consumers to experience "Inner Health and Outer Beauty". InnerLight brand products have been in existence for 15 years. Since , InnerLight independent distributors have been sharing InnerLight products with others. InnerLight products are now sold in 32 countries.

It is InnerLight's stated mission to ensure that its distributors can build a secure financial future so they are free to help others join them on the path to health and wealth. InnerLight has a website available to every InnerLight independent distributor for use in marketing their InnerLight business which is easy to navigate, simple to order from, and visually appealing.

The new enhanced Virtual Offices include all the information necessary for a distributor to manage his or her downline organization and customer base, as well as a daily commission calculator to keep track of earnings and a system available to advise distributors on how to increase their income and advance their pay rank. Ascential Bioscience was established by professionals in the fields of nutrition, fitness, elite physical performance, and weight management, who have pooled their knowledge and expertise to create a system for creating positive change in the lives of those who are looking to improve body weight and composition, athletic performance, health status, and overall energy and vitality.

Systems of Acential products have been created for specific application to health, performance, and weight management objectives. Ascential Independent Distributors may order Ascential products at a discount for personal consumption and for marketing to retail customers, and receive the Ascential Business Sourcebook, a compendium of business and marketing tools and guidelines, training and support, a replicated website to help market and manage their Ascential business, and membership in the Ascential Fitness Network with personally-customizable exercise, training, and menu plans.

Ascential's compensation plan is straightforward and easily understood and enables a quick start approach to starting a business. The YOR Health product line offers people the opportunity to improve their health and discover a path to financial freedom.

YOR seeks to empower and educate people with the knowledge and tools to optimize health and discover their potential for financial success. The YOR Health culture is based on an integrated approach to health and to business. YOR has tailored its training programs to give its distibutors the sales and marketing tools to develop their business and to encourage their personal developemnt.

As baby boomers continue to mature, they are placing a high importance on their health and the health of their families, creating a larger demand for wellness products. Health 4 Wealth has positioned itself to make the most of this trend by providing pharmaceutical grade supplements and a financial plan designed to improve the health and wealth of people all over the world.

Health 4 Wealth wants all of its associates to be healthy and financially successful, and provides resources to help each Independent Business Owner set up and run his or her home-based business, as well as a proprietary compensation plan to help each IBO achieve his or her financial goals.

ProMedX sells natural nutritional supplements, vitamins and weight loss dietary supplements. ProMedX reps can purchase products at member price and receive an additional discount of monthly recurring auto-ship order.

Each ProMedX rep also receives his or her own unique replicated Web site with a personal back office. GeneWize, a wholly owned direct-selling subsidiary of a publicly traded genetic biosciences company GeneLink, Inc. GeneWize uses DNA-based genetic tests as the basis for personalizing health, beauty, wellness products.

GeneWize's scientific group includes leading scientists and researchers in the fields of biotechnology, genomics, molecular biology, chemistry, medicine, clinical laboratory medicine and nutritional sciences. GeneWize is focused on delivering the promise of truly personalized health, beauty and wellness solutions that help people look better, feel better and live longer, healthier lives.

The goal of Menage is to sell products that every family needs and to offer any family that wants to participate a quality home-based business opportunity. Menage's product line includes beef tenderloin filet, chicken, pork, seafood, barbeque pulled pork and ribs, gourmet stuffed potatoes, and dessert, shipped direct to the consumer.

In addition, Menage offers wellness nutritionals and coffee. Nupro's purpose is to help as many people as possible find and keep their Radiant Health. The Radiant Health Club provides people the opportunity to purchase the same nutraceutical products that professionals have been using and recommending. LifeMax Mila is free of gluten, trans-fats, sugar, is high in fiber and protein, has no taste or smell and can be combined with many foods.

For a small enrollment fee new Distributors receive access to an online back office system, their own Personal Business website and start-up and training material. If a Distributor decides not to continue with their LifeMax business, this annual fee is partially refundable on a prorated basis. Vision International People Group is a company that currently offers a wide range of health care and longevity products.

Vision International People Group's mission statement is: Vision's business is about reliability, long-term commitment to its clients, profitability, and health. Since Vision International People Group's inception on the 14th of July , the Group has been committed to creating a new world culture of health as a priority for the individual and for society in general. LifesMiracle markets a line of nutritional products labeled "Electro-Magnetized Nutrition".

According to the LifesMiracle website and Founder Steven Smith, "The creation of a health and wellness company that is focused on the needs of its customers and independent respresentatives demands enormous effort and the entire management team is committed to that mission. What has inspired us has been the incredible serendipitous events that have built this company thus far.

We believe that this company is destined to become a success. SomaLife International was founded in and is a performance, health, wellness, longevity and nutritional company. Safe and effective products are the product line goal at Encoura. Encoura's product line was established to offer alternatives to the most commonly used items in and around the home.

Consumers may buy products or join and represent the OGILife by building a home based business. Headquartered in the Western US, OceanGrown says "OceanGrown International places value on the various 'tides' of life, and seeks to maximize each age through every day activity. The OGI community indulges in life's experiences and shares a passion for the outdoors. Each OGI employee and sales representative encourages service-oriented activities in their respective communities.

Trilogy International offers products for both people and their pets. Somalife International is an international health and wellness nutrition company with headquarters in British Columbia and a US office in Bellingham, Washington. Founded in , Somalife markets a proprietary line of nutritional products.

Somalife markets its gHP product line through an associate network business builders and does direct sales to wholesale buyers. Utah based Orovo states on their website that the company was created by accident, after the CEO's wife watched a segment on 10 superfoods on television. Formulating a new product for weight loss and anti aging, with antioxiant ingredients, the flagship Orovo product was launched.

CoreVital International has a mission to build communities of healthy people. Their nutritional products are focused on restoring pH balance through alkalization. LFVN is a publicly traded health products company based in Colorado. Our vision is to be a leader in science-based health and wellness products. We will develop products that deliver significant benefits to our customers. LifeVantage's Director of Science, Dr. McCord, is one of the foremost authorities on the body's antioxidant defense system and co-discovered the enzyme Superoxide Dismutase SOD in These enzymes effectively and efficiently neutralize free radicals inside the cells where free radicals are produced.

Natural Health Trends Corp. The company is comprised of NHT Global. NHT Global is a marketing company in the direct selling industry creating and distributing personal care products with an emphasis on skin care, lifestyle enhancement products and health and wellness products. We also have offices and facilities in St. Paul, Minnesota and Branson, Missouri.

The international expansion will be fueled by product promoters around the world. The propriety energy blend formula that is a "herbal clean energy" is considere. MXI created Xocai and market it as a health promoting antioxidant. MXI's website states that their products incorporate the most powerful antioxidant form of chocolate, an all natural process cocoa powder in combination with the powerful antioxidant Acai Berry and other fruits.

Poga International is based in Montgomery, Texas. Their key product is Poga Moonga, a beverage made from the leaf and seeds of the Moringa tree, with additional ingredients of pomegranate and aloe vera. Poga Moonga distributors earn commission on retail sales, and may sell directly from their replicated Poga International website. ZU-B Markets nutritional supplements. Headquartered in Sandy, Utah, ZU-B offers a forced matrix payout structure to their reps with bonus payouts.

Lyon Legacy International is committed to establishing and maintaining the balance of life's energies through the combination of bio-energetic and colloidal technologies as well as magnetic therapy.

Lyon Legacy distributors may simply buy at wholesale or build a home based business. Distributors make profit on personal sales and earn commission on purchases and sales by distributors in their downline.

The GBG business and personalized Internet store is provided free to all representatives who maintain an active monthly auto-ship, which is needed in order to qualify for commissions. GBG was officially launched in After ten years, the founders chose to change their product line to health and wellness and relaunched under GBG with their new product, GBG in-One. Each new Nexagen USA distributor is provided with a customized web site with retail store, marketing tools and wholesale store, as well as collateral sales support materials such as videos, business cards, brochures, Point of Sale Displays, and e-mail demonstrations and presentations.

Distributors are compensated using the Nexagen USA Pay Card, a debit card with a personal account used to wire distributor compensation on a weekly basis. GoYin's flagship product is a functional drink created from a patent-pending formula that is based on traditional Asian medicine. GoYin is headquartered in American Fork, Utah. Representatives are compensated with a multilevel sales marketing plan. Zrii is a liquid nutritional supplement containing Amalaki fruit.

The company business philosophy is based on Ayuveda - a health system they state is years old and aims to create dynamic balance in all areas of health.

Livinity, launched in August , markets personal care, wellness and home care products. Members can choose different levels of involvement, from Customers who receive a discount on products, to Business Builders, who can earn cash bonuses and sales incentives. Lim Siow Jin, sells dietary supplements and personal care products through independent distributors. DXN is an MLM company with the "One World One Market" concept, which permits distributors from anywhere to sponsor and be included as direct downline those distributors in another region or nation.

Nature's Youth distributes dietary supplements. Individuals interested in becoming distributors should email the company at sales naturesyouth. NHT Global markets personal care and wellness products through independent distributors. Distributors may buy at wholesale and sell at retail and earn Override Bonuses based on personal sales and their entire team's sales with no minimum thresholds for earning override bonuses.

From the Peak Energy website: Robert Marshall, you join a company that has 30 years of experience, credibility, respect, and financial stability in the field of clinical nutrition.

We have long ago passed the pioneering stage where many new companies fail. Seabiotics markets wellness supplements which are manufactured and bottled in a pharmaceutically-licensed facility in Norway. They are shipped to Seabiotics' US warehouse and await distribution in a controlled environment. Products are sold direct to consumers through Seabiotics Members. From the company website: There is a general agreement in the scientific and medical communities that future discoveries in health and medicine are going to be found deep below the ocean's surface.

Lexli MD markets an Aloe based skincare line and wellness formula created by Dr. Lexli MD associates receive a discount on their personal purchases as well as commission on their sales.

Our company is strong and firmly positioned for rapid growth and tremendous momentum. Good Life International sells liquid nutritional supplements through independent distributors.

Good Life International's stated mission is "to provide a superior product line and business format so that people can affordably support a healthy lifestyle,increase their time spent with loved ones, and experience a higher quality of life. Dynamite products do not contain chemical preservatives and are formulated to provide maximum efficacy.

Dynamite supplements are sold exclusively through a national network of independent distributors. Alive Worldwide is a new company being launched by Scotty Paulson.

The primary product is Cheia Vida, an exotic juice and tea blend. Cheia Vida is made with real brazilian Acai. AVAR Direct is a direct sales company based in Las Vegas which offers immune-boosting products through sales by affiliates - individuals and organizations who can earn additional income for themselves or their organizations.

AVAR Direct offers training to its affiliates focusing on key areas that will enhance the ability to have success in every area of life. Biometics International, a privately owned company based in Camarillo, California, sells liquid nutritional products through Independent Distributors.

Positive product results continue to be the primary driving force of our business and the sharing of product results has come to be the premier feature of the Biometics business.

According to the SeaAloe website, SeaAloe began operation January and holds an exclusive arrangement to manafacture and sell a proprietary liquid whole food nutritional product.

Created by Robert H. The products contain a compound called Accelamin derived from a blend of Aloe Vera extracts. Uni-Body International markets LiquiLean. All Uni-Body associates participate in the company compensation plan and earn direct and multilevel commission on sales of the LiquiLean product. From the Solutions IE website: Enzacta offers products for health and well being. Their goal is to offer the best products and services through their Individual Businss Owners and help them build a profitable home business while helping others lead a healthier life.

AlpineV markets a dietary supplement drink made from the Alpine Sandthorn Berry. AlpineV Distributors earn commission on sales of the product various channels including in-person retail sales, online retail sales, downline sales, global pools, and other incentives.

Greenwood Health Systems neutraceutical supplements are blended to provide the most beneficial results. Greenwood Health Systems does not have any group volume requirements for their sales reps. Total Wellness International TWI has marketing nutritional products they call "inch loss" instead of "weight loss" through health practitioners and health food stores since Total Wellness International has recently expanded into the direct sales and home business market space by creating an associate sales program for their products.

BioNovix has a prelaunch event scheduled for January , According to the BioNovix site " wealth of established research shows that xanthohumol acts as a potent wellness agent in the body and plays an active role in counteracting a wide range of conditions associated with chronic health problems. MeridiumXN is the first and only health product that makes xanthohumol available in a form you can metabolize. From The Balance Company website: The company is based in San Mateo, CA. ViaViente's primary product is a blend of natural whole fruit purees, minerals and herbs that is high in antioxidants.

To purchase product, you must be recommended by an existing customer. ViaViente has a seasoned team of executives with diverse professional backgrounds. Take Shape for Life is a wholly owned subsidiary of Medifast, Inc. Medifast owns and controls its FDA-inspected manufacturing facilities - as well as significant warehousing facilities.

United Herbal Sciences independent distributors may attend meetings, seminars, conferences, social events and educational trips, where they can meet people with common interests, goals and desires. United Herbal Sciences has a focused program that can help distributors achieve financial independence, personal growth and recognition from fellow distributors at quarterly and annual meetings. From the BioPro webpage: By utilizing the fascinating field of Bioenergetics, our company's mission of enhancing the overall quality of life worldwide is being realized.

Through the vision and voices of the corporate team, the independent consultants and our customers, we truly are "elevating" the energetic state of processes and people across the globe. Our products are designed to improve health and well being while reducing physical stress and environmental assaults on the body. The exclusive Breakthrough Personal Development Program enhances and accelerates our individual and collective personal growth.

From the FemOne website: One woman's passion to help women look and feel their best, one woman's unwavering love of family and friends, and one woman's deep desire to inspire women to achieve their dreams and goals has led to the creation of one of direct selling's hottest new companies, FemOne, Inc.. This fantastic female-driven company established in May , was passionately created by one woman, Daran Grimm From the Youngevity website: This stability provides a solid foundation for your business.

The company uses a simple, proven approach to help you introduce our state-of-the-art products to people worldwide. Imagine waking up each day full of energy and vitality, functioning at top form, both mentally and physically, having that unmistakable glow of radiant good health. YouthFlow founded their company with the goal to provide superior pharmaceutical-grade nutraceuticals made from the purest quality natural sources to enhance and manage health.

From the Affinity Lifesyles web page: Affinity Just-2 is the company that does more than just sell quality, health giving products. We work hard every day to realize our corporate purpose of elevating the lifestyles of our Associates through enhanced relationships, better health and nutrition, and increased wealth. LifeSpan International markets skin care and dietary supplements.

The vision of LifeSpan grew from a desire to educate and empower people everywhere so that they may recapture the harmony and balance of life. By providing everyone with the tools necessary to achieve the balance, symmetry and harmony needed in our lives and to maintain these qualities so that we can optimize our individual potential throughout our entire LifeSpan. AwarenessLife markets nutritional and wellness products for weight loss, basic health, adult nutrition and the cleanse and rebuild.

Total Life Changes is a privately held company founded in Total Life Changes markets nutritional and skin care products. The vision of the Company is a focus on helping individuals achieve success with easy and affordable products and business building systems. There is no sign-up fee to become a member of TLC.