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How does the Respiratory System Work?
Sometimes I wonder what more he'd say in a quiet one-on-one conversation over a beer. You may be able to drag them to the water, but you'll probably have to throw them in before they drink Follow this simple table of how and when to take your Sanum remedies. Ground Level Elk Handling Facilities " Some toxins, like carbon dioxide, can be tolerated in small amounts and can be easily disposed of as they are, but some toxins are so dangerous that the body must change them in some way to make them less toxic, or find a way to quickly remove them.

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Josh Eidelson talks about whether Walmart's move means the company has salvaged its reputation. It's a politically savvy move by Walmart, but you can be sure that it calculated the move based on what would be best for its bottom line. Lawless Leaders Manipulating the World — Financial expert Catherine Austin Fitts says the world is increasingly being changed by our leaders through criminal behavior.

She adds that the dollar will be defended with covert ops and military action; its fate depends on the outcome. For the future, she predicts increasing financial and political volatily; more warfare; and more media fearmongering to promote public obedience. Sounds like Fitts has moved her scenario of "slow burn" to "somewhat-less-slow-but-very-nasty burn. Plastics and Male Reproduction — A new study in the Journal of Human Reproduction finds that a common chemical used to create flexibility in plastics can affect baby boys' development in the womb.

Shanna Swan talks about the affect that phthalates have on the developing fetus and the threat they may pose to male reproductive health later in life. Hormone disruption affects all of us who live in the toxic soup sold as better living through chemistry. But hormone disruption especially affects development—fetuses, infants, children.

It's nearly impossible to rid your life of plastic, but the better you do on that score, the healthier your family will be. The stolen keys give intelligence agencies the ability to monitor mobile communications without seeking or receiving approval from telecom companies and foreign governments.

ACLU technology expert Chris Soghoian explains what's going on and also discusses cell phone apps that can help users protect privacy. The encryption apps—which apparently are largely designed by the US government and its contract researchers—MAY improve your cell phone security. To my cynical mind, though, it's hard to fathom the government building such apps and not putting a back door in them. Malcolm X Remembered 50 Years After Assassination — This year marks the 50th anniversary of the assassination of Malcolm X, one of the most influential political figures of the 20th century.

Details of his assassination remain disputed to this day. El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, This is not a comprehensive review of the impact Malcolm X had, but there is plenty of worthwhile material here. In some instances, the agents visited—unannounced and uninvited—people at their place of employment, even though the people were not suspected of any crime or involvement in planned crimes.

TPTB go to war with entire countries that threaten their agenda. It should come as no surprise that they don't play nice with eco activists. The Rock and Roll History Show. King names all of his guitars Lucille; a review of the seminal live-aid concerts; the relationship between the Scorpions' "Wind of Change" and the opening of the Iron Curtain. It's always good to craft ways of remembering not to repeat doing stupid things.

A famous guitar, supersonic flight, and the fall of communism. Nothing short of complete collapse, they argue, can save the rest of life on earth from human rapaciousness and stupidity. In a debate recorded at the 16th annual Sustainable Living Festival in Melbourne, Australia, six thought leaders weighed in on whether there is any sensible reason to advocate the collapse of the global economy.

No one said "yes," and one person answered with a clear "no," but the rest gave nuanced answers that cannot be contained within a simple "yay" or "nay. Very clear, very cogent. We actually are in that phase already—fracking is probably the clearest example of how increasingly unpalatable and long-term-unproductive measures will be taken when short-term needs demand it.

If things were to get truly desperate, as they would in a true collapse scenario, then many ordinarily reasonable people will find themselves doing things that today seem patently unreasonable.

And they will not just support, but will demand, that leaders take actions to attempt to correct unsolvable problems, regardless of the collateral damage. Collapse may force itself upon us, but it will not be pretty, and we should not seek it.

Just work on resilience and disengaging from the corporatist system. Media Double-Standards on the Use of "Terrorists" and "Terrorism" — In the aftermath of the Chapel Hill shootings of three Muslim students, Western media outlets are coming under criticism for using double-standards when it comes to who gets labeled a terrorist and which acts are deemed terrorism.

This clip includes several segments The Guardian's David Shariatmadari chronicles the fraught history of the word "terrorism. Scott Shane of The New York Times talks about criticism of the language President Obama uses when describing acts of violent extremism.

A new Southern Poverty Law Center study aims to get homegrown terrorism, and especially the threat of so-called lone-wolf American terrorists, back on the agenda. As with all mainstream media reports—albeit from one of the better MSM outlets, in this case—the analysis here is a totally inside the envelope. We get standard framing, subtly slipped in—for instance, we hear that media outlets in Muslin countries are largely controlled by governments but that in the West they are not when in actuality they are totally controlled by elite interests.

And while the biases of media are explored, the use of Western media for propaganda—especially when it comes to the matter of terrorism and terrorists—is completely absent. Nonetheless, the topics presented stimulate useful thought.

How This Little Piggie Went to Market — Ted Genoways discusses the devolution of the meatpacking industry through the lens of one of the biggest operators, Hormel. Genoways' book is The Chain: Farm, Factory, and the Fate of Our Food. Don't you just love how corporations are masters of serving the bottom line at all costs?

And hmmm, that unit was planned for renovation within a month and just happened to explode now? Can anyone say "insurance fraud"? Want to Fix the Broken System? Think Like a Commoner — One percent of humans control half the world's wealth.

This is the result of what author David Bollier calls "the market state"—a tight marriage of billionaires, mega-corporations, and political institutions. A host of problems boil out of this paradigm of power, including unsustainable resource use, rampant pollution as "externalities," and a new economic serfdom.

We've been told there is no alternative, but David Bollier says there is, and it's an idea we've been taught to hate: His most recent book is Think Like a Commoner: A Short Introduction to the Life of the Commons.

It is essential to have viable alternatives to point to when telling the masses cherished concepts like capitalism and the free market simply do not work.

They designed and evolved the system to foster acquisition of the wealth and power they now hold. They will not see that system replaced without a fight—the mother of all fights. Nuclear Extinction Still a Threat — Helen Caldicott warns that with 16, nuclear warheads still dotting the planet—mostly owned by the US and Russia—nuclear extinction still looms as a threat.

Whether from nuclear winter, direct death from radiation exposure, or cancers due to radiation-mutated cells, a nuclear confrontation is a death sentence for human civilization.

She is particularly worried about a US-Russia escalation in Ukraine. Overall, Caldicott gives an apt assessment of the ongoing nuclear-weapons insanity, but on one point, I don't think she is correct: She states that the US-Russia arsenals are the main thing to worry about, that smaller caches of nukes getting loosed would cause "nuclear autumn," killing perhaps a billion people—but not the whole planet.

She did not cite a reference, but I suspect she is unintentionally parroting one of those insane studies that says limited use of nuclear weapons is a survivable military strategy. I find that proposition highly dubious—if the radiation releases from Fukushima can make Northern Pacific fish unsafe to eat, what damage would be done by hundreds of exploded nukes distributing their radiation by wind and atmospheric currents?

Flight attendants on supposedly hijacked planes not following standard hijack protocol; the lack of scrambled intercepts; during passenger phone calls to loved ones, lack of background noise consistent with the supposed situations on the planes; lack of plane debris at the Pentagon crash site; eyewitness accounts that a windowless non-passenger plane hit the second tower. If passenger planes weren't really what hit the buildings, what did, and where did the passenger planes go? Roth's fictionalized account of these and other issues is found in her new book, Methodical Illusion , recently rated 1 on Amazon for historical fiction.

Some of Roth's concerns seem a bit ridiculous, such as a cell phone call supposedly made by a passenger 1 minute before the hijack was known. Even system clocks can be off by a minute or more. Rozoff paints a distressingly bleak picture of the backstory on Ukraine, but he misses the most obvious reason why the US is doing what it's doing: Apparently these neocon maniacs took their childhood Risk marathons way too seriously.

The Sixth Stage of Grief—Gallows Humor — Once people go through the other five stages of grief—denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance—they may reach the sixth stage, gallows humor. After each clip, McPherson and Sliwa provide commentary about the clip and link the humor to contemporary events.

This is worth hearing, but I thought the bit selection and analysis could have been sharper. It's not wildly funny, but it's about the most sagacious, succinctly stated advice I've ever heard. The rules are generally meant to apply to commercial seed operations, but in some cases are also being applied to non-profit seed-saving clubs and seed libraries, the burden of which makes such local sustainability efforts unworkable.

Neil Thaper, a staff attorney with the Sustainable Economies Law Center, a legal organization working to defend seed saving and heirloom seeds, discusses the issue. Topics include examples of government action against seed libraries; how laws are threatening the future of heirloom seeds; recommendations for avoiding such pitfalls when trading seeds or starting a seed bank.

Having spent some time saving seeds myself, I strongly support doing so in a community effort. But I also support participants getting knowledgeable on problems like cross-pollination, viability, storage methods, and other seed-saving hurdles that have nothing to do with government interference. I Got the News — As three fabled faces of media are no more—one forced out, one stepped down, one tragically cut short—DJ Paul Cavalconte uses journalism as his theme for this show.

And, of course, the awesome, incomparable Like any narrowly targeted theme, plenty of songs are available, but song quality, um, varies. Overall, Cavalconte's playlist is just fine. There numerous other theme-appropriate songs that weren't included in this set, but the only missing track that causes me to wag my finger at the DJ is "Newspapers" by Stan Ridgway. Dan Carlin's Hardcore History. Blueprint for Armageddon V — Dan Carlin continues his series on World War I, this time focusing on the period between late and early Topics include the politics of peace offerings; the curious case of Rasputin and his influence on the Czar of Russia; how the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia played into WWI events; Germany's attempt to get Mexico to fight on its side; how Germany's submarine warfare was the decisive reason the US entered the war; the innovative solution that solved the problem of submarines sinking ships; the death zone created by the Germans in retreat across France; the disastrous Nivelle Offensive; the horrendous mud at Passchendaele.

Carlin does another fine job in the series, making facts from a century ago come to life. For that he gets a "4"; but for putting extra effort into bringing us the palpable horror of this war, this clip gets a "5". He says that half a century ago, he and other eco-activists were inspired by the direct-confrontation methods of the civil rights movement and applied similar energy and tactics in the fight to confront environmental issues.

But somewhere along the way, as groups like NRDC worked to reform the system, they became part of the system. And now progress on environmental issues has stalled or reversed. In his memoir Angels by the River , Speth calls for deeper challenges to the economic status quo as an approach that can solve problems of the environment, of working people, and of a broken political system.

The parasitic, plundering, predatory nature of plutocratic capitalism must be addressed. All other problems exist as a subset of that issue. Whether that can be done by trying to reform a political system that is totally captured and controlled by the benefactors of predatory capitalism is a dubious proposition, but worth trying in the absence of realistic alternatives.

Pension Funds Doubling-Down on High-Stakes Wall Street Bets — In a desperate attempt to keep current returns high enough to meet future pension obligations, cities and states have been increasingly investing worker pensions in hedge funds, risky equity funds, and other so-called "alternative investments. Municipal officials in New Jersey, Illinois, Kentucky, and Rhode Island have faced criticism for how their pension funds are being handled.

Journalist David Sirota gives specifics. I do pity today's pension fund managers, who are stuck between a rock municipalities that are under-funding pensions and a hard, crazy place called Wall Street which offers the illusion of high returns but the reality of financial chicanery.

If we don't enforce the rule of law for financial crimes already committed, why should we expect pension ripoffs and other Wall Street double-dealing to stop? The latest scandal is that HSBC's Geneva bank has been helping millionaires and billionaires illegally shelter money from taxation.

Journalist James Henry says the most recent HSBC crime wave is really just part of a larger problem of bad banking behavior that get punished by fines but no jail time for the perpetrators. Yep, as long as prosecutors continue the pattern of no jail time for exectives and fines that are less than the haul from the crimes, criminal behavior on Wall Street will continue.

Either We Break the Bankster Alliances or They Will Break Us — Nomi Prins reviews the historical circumstances that led to the formation of the big-bank-controlled Federal Reserve; that is, how the financial foxes were put in charge of the public's hen house. But some bankers were not of a mind to play the game this way, and Louis Brandeis warned: She says we must take heed of Brandeis' warning and take down the banker-corporate-politician-industrial complex.

I have passed on a couple of Prins interviews earlier this year, but here she is starting to step outside the envelope and address the bankster power structure as the criminal enterprise that it truly is. Warmongers, Media, and the Charlie Hebdo Attack — Why has the corporate media put such emphasis on the attack on the satirical French magazine Charlie Hebdo, which killed only a tiny fraction of the number killed in the recent massacre in Nigeria, an event largely ignored by the media?

What of the commercially-controlled media's claim that we need moderate Muslims to condemn the attack? Where were the calls for moderate Christians to condemn the Christian extremists whose illegal war killed over a million Iraqis?

What lies behind the simplistic official narratives pushed by corporate media? Dissident BBC reporter Tony Gosling examines connections between recent terrorist events and sketches out a highly compelling picture of darker forces at work. Gosling and his interviewer occasionally go too far in their ruminations; for instance, I think the idea that financially troubled Charlie Hebdo might have murdered itself as a publicity stunt to avoid going out of business is plain stupid.

The attack as a black-op bitch-slap of France for its recent non-compliance with US geopolitical strategies is a much more compelling angle. Broadly speaking, though, most of the ideas presented in the two hours are fairly on-target. He also reminds us that US employments statistics are greatly manipulated. He says that Greece serves as an object lesson for the elites—push too far, and the populace will finally push back.

As for money dominating politics, he says the problem afflicts both Democrats and Republicans and their agendas. Wolff says our best bet is to reinvigorate the working class through organization and political action independent of the entreched duopoly parties. The elites keep the left and right of the middle class busy pointing fingers at each other and, occasionally, at other factors like immigrants and terrorists.

But the war never really was between left and right or liberals and conservatives. It's between up and down. And the ups are cleaning our clocks—and our bank accounts. Conversation with Richard Wolff: Endless War, Endless War Spin — As Obama talks about a new major cycle of the war on terror—this time against the Islamic State—Norman Solomon of the Institute for Public Accuracy says Obama talks about not being interested in "endless war" but is doing more than any previous president to engage the US in exactly that.

Solomon also says Brain Williams' worst lies about war were not his exaggerations of his personal experiences reporting from danger zones but rather his parroting the war propaganda of both the Bush and Obama administrations and his failure to challenge any aspect of the corrupt endless-war agenda. Of course, all the big names in media did the same. Solomon is very good here. The title of his book gives some indication of his tone: Why Ian Anderson named one of Jethro Tull's most famous songs after an old diving apparatus; how the popular TV show "Family Ties" resurrected a little-unknown single by Billy Vera and the Beaters and pushed it to 1; the shocking story of how the most depressing song ever written—"Gloomy Sunday"—led to scores of suicides.

The "Gloomy Sunday" story is truly shocking. I wish he'd played the Billie Holiday version of the song—Elvis Costello singing a torch song is enough to drive anyone to the window ledge. Understanding the Roots of Terrorism—Theirs and Ours — Much of President Obama's record-breaking defense budget proposal will fund proxy wars around the globe.

Drone strikes continue to take their toll in Yemen and elsewhere. Chris Hedges says most Americans accept the myth of American rightness and do-goodism while ignoring the obvious parallels in the terrorism practiced by the US and the terrorism practiced by ISIS and their ilk. He says the empire is not only busy abroad but is also quietly pre-positioning suppressive-force capabilities on the home front, in preparation for the inevitable pushback from the masses as their impoverishment worsens.

Many excellent points in this one. About Coal — Coal is a world-class environmental wrecking ball, with impacts affecting climate, mountains, streams, air pollution, food quality, and more. But hey don't worry about that; American jobs are at stake. It's a tax-exempt organization that's been pumping out the big-business message for over 30 years. Here's an example of some recent NCPA coal propaganda: Coal, good for the environment? Not so fast, mister Despite all the talk about moving away from coal, the pace is slow and mostly driven by economics, not concern for the environment or climate change.

But there are thousands more photos of detainee abuse and torture—some depicting scenes worse than those in the original release—that the government has long concealed from the public, stating that it feared violent repercussions.

The ACLU's Jameel Jaffer says the prospect of violence is a faulty argument for government secrecy about its own misconduct. Sunshine is the best disinfectant. Thousands of Secret Torture Photos. Organic Eggs—What's The Difference? Organic eggs use better feed and have better growing conditions, but access to outdoors is sometimes more theory than practice in large organic operations.

She rightly promotes eggs from backyard chickens as the best choice, with eggs from pastured chickens another good way to go. All that is correct. But McCaffrey also asserts that most people who are use pastured hens to raise eggs are also using organic or non-GMO feed. I suspect not even a majority of them do.

I agree that pastured eggs are a top priority, but shoppers should also look for the organic or GMO-free labels. And "cage-free" usually means "in a crowded barn," and there is no rule that cage-free chickens must have access to outdoors. The first is Twilight's Last Gleaming , a geo-political thriller where a declining United States and a resurgent China come to the brink of all-out nuclear war.

The other novel is Star's Reach: A Novel of the Deindustrial Future , which is set in a world shaped by the exhaustion of fossil fuels, where new social forms have replaced our familiar institutions and where new ways of inhabiting the North American continent have been necessitated by centuries of climate change. I haven't read the books, but it's always interesting to get glimpses of possible future scenarios.

Zombie Banks Using Negative Interest Rates to Eat Depositors' Money — Max Keiser and Stacy Herbert discuss whether negative savings rates will be applied to retail savers in Europe, where commercial bank customers are already having to pay to park their money.

Do banks no longer need to receive deposits or make loans because they are no longer really banks? Then Max interviews filmmaker and author Kerry-anne Mendoza about her new top selling book, Austerity: The world of banking is getting plain weird.

The urgency to keep revenue flowing in spite of the dead weight that should have many of these banks six-feet-under—and the complicity of regulators and central banks—mean there will definitely be another financial crisis in our future. Microsoft summarily dismissed Bowden from his job as head of privacy after he raised privacy issues related to Microsoft's products and services, and he has spent the last 3 years alerting people to the danger. I have a great deal of respect for these speakers and what they have to say.

But, for whatever the reasons, they asciduously avoid or deny the deep issues of a the spies now operating with impunity; and b the NSA, CIA, and DIA operating in service of the US imperial operation, not national interests.

Host Robin Upton summarizes the problem nicely: The approach would reclassify the internet as a public utility, like the phone system. The commision's vote is still weeks away, but questions remain. The FCC's oversight of industry to date might be described as having been "helpful"; so will this new proposal have teeth and actually maintain an even playing field on the Internet?

Craig Aaron of Free Press discusses. Since the FCC is stacked with revolving-door players from industry, it's hard to imagine the regulators are just going to "do the right thing" for the public. I note that Wheeler explicitly procalimed that the new rules would protect mobile broadband users.

What about home internet service? Food Hubs — Erik Hoffner talks about the local food movement, focusing on the exciting development of "food hubs" that are springing up across the country. He describes the opportunities of scale and collaboration food hubs and related innovations are providing for local food entrepreneurs. Also discussed are energy cooperatives, fair trade, and the prospects for sustainable agriculture to replace the industrial model. This is probably going to be of most interest to farmers and small processors, but these are good trends for everyone to be hearing about.

Armageddon — The War Within — As framed here, Armageddon is not really about a final battle of the world's great armies, it is a process of resolving the internal conflicts in us humans. Though the system run by The Powers That Be is palpably corrupt, we have become so dependent on it, we cannot voluntarily let it go. Simultaneously, most people have lost their way, prioritizing materialism and self-obsessed goals over a peaceful, loving existence. The Armageddon process will break the system, and therefore begin the liberation process.

While our time-limited physical form may perish, the inner heart-based eternal self will be renewed. This is an interesting merge of Christian end-times philosophy with new-agey consciousness and cosmic awareness. There are a few points where the visuals help put the audio in context, but for the most part, you can get by just listening to the MP3, if that is your wont. The Real World of Money. The Exchange Stabilization Fund is part of the rigged game on the global exchanges. You wanna go up against that, be my guest.

Some of this is a bit speculative, but most of it is very on-target. A New Cold War? Will It Go Hot? As fighting intensifies, the Obama administration is now considering directly arming Ukrainian forces against Russian-backed rebels. Washington already supplies non-lethal military equipment to Ukraine, but top officials are reportedly leaning toward sending arms, from rifles to anti-tank weapons.

Stephen Cohen, professor of Russian studies and politics, comments. Weighs Arming Kiev as Violence Soars. He's an expert in areas such as coral reef science and global climate change. Two of the main points Goreau makes are that the IPCC's window of focus is much too narrow—most of the worst climate effects will be beyond its year window—and its conclusions are so "lowest common denominator" that they are greatly underestimating both the data trends and coming impacts.

He also says that the "" goal is far too high—if we accept even that currently politically unattainable goal, we are doomed to a temperature increase of degrees C. Goreau says atmospheric CO2 levels need to be rolled back to ppm. He says the essential solution—mostly ignored by global leaders—is to put carbon back in the soil using practices such as biochar.

Watch if you can—lots of good graphs. How Soil Carbon Sequestration Works. Host Alex Wise reviews the issues with Richard Heinberg of the Post Carbon Institute and gets his perspective on how plunging oil prices will affect the energy and transportation industries; the status of the North American natural gas boom; how the turbulence may alter consumer behavior in the near term; and the need for sound policy to guide us through the long-term challenge of living in a post-carbon world.

Heinberg is solid as usual, though if you have heard his other interviews in the last six months, you will not find much new here.

Fun stuff if you're a fan of the music. Vanguard of the Revolution tells the history of the Black Panther Party through rare archival footage and interviews with party leaders, rank-and-file members, journalists, and even police and FBI informants.

This clip features extended excerpts from the film, as well as interviews with Kathleen Cleaver, who served as communications secretary of the Black Panther Party, and Stanley Nelson, the film's director. The Black Panthers were an important movement in American history and remain an important object lesson for those who would engage in the fight against empire. Transhumanist Man's Scientific Rise to Godhood — Artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, implantable chips, and life extension. These and many other technologies are being promoted as the way for humanity to become something radically different.

The transhumanist movement claims that by applying such technologies to our biology, we will become post-human—and that this would be a good thing. But behind this techno-utopian vision lurk the spectres of eugenics, mind control, police state propaganda, the end of privacy, and maybe even the end of the human race itself.

Is a new religion for a new age being born, arising from a scientific and increasingly sinister quest for eternal life? Guest Aaron Franz discusses. It feels natural to like gadgets. But we're already seeing the information stream associated with our gadgets used inappropriately, and that is just the beginning of our descent into the control matrix, if the transhumanist vision is anything like out actual future. The Cornucopia Institute and the Organic Consumers Association—not to be confused with its evil name-twin the Organic Trade Association—are among the few things that keep the agribusiness juggernaut from crushing the value of the USDA organic standard which is already a lower standard than it should be!

Powerful Counterforces and Ugly Days Ahead for the American Empire — Geopolitics analyst Jim Willie discusses world events in the context of the monetary wars that continue to unfold. A lot of what Willie says sounds dead-on. But he's one of those guys who has "deep sources. In this case, I'm thinking of Willie's discussion of the powerful "Eastern white hats" that are poised to take down the Western black hats and restore peace and ecological balance to the planet.

Sounds like a classic "external savior meme" to me—that is, we who are worried about totalitarianism and might otherwise rise up can relax and feel reassured that heroic forces will save us. Beginning of the End For Oil Production — Gail "the Actuary" Tverberg discusses the recent sharp down-trend in the price of oil, the unfolding collapse in the shale-oil industry, and why this is ushering in a permanent turndown in oil production.

Sees the global economy caught between the Scylla and Charybdis of too-low or too-high oil prices, with central banking games and Wall Street derivatives the highly combustible factors that will light a brush fire that will burn through the companies in the oil industry and eventually blow up the rest of the financial world too. I found this a bit dense and difficult to stay interested in, but there is some good info here. Dispatches from Weimar America — This show features various authors and activists talking about state surveillance and unchecked power in the US.

First, Mark Crispin Miller discusses Project Censored's "forbidden bookshelf" project, which aims to republish in electronic form books that governments have tried to suppress. Then Alfred McCoy explains the extent of the surveillance systems underway, saying they far exceed the Snowden disclosures. Naomi Wolf explains why the Snowden story may be something other than what we think it is.

Heidi Boghosian talks about the death of democracy", followed by Chris Hedges offering a personal reflection on the psychology of the super-rich. He and his family then died in what has been officially called a murder-suicide. Lots of really good stuff here.

On the Snowden question, he made the public aware of at least part of the illegal government spying on citizens that's been going on. Now, if the public does not rise up and put a stop to it, then those doing the current illegal spying will know they have carte blanche to do whatever they want in the future.

Whether they put Snowden up to it because they wanted the question answered or whether Snowden is a legitimate whistleblower is far less important than whether Big Brother gets the green light. Anit-Inflammatory Properties of Glycine — Because most of us don't cook bones and cartilage into soup as previous generations did, we're missing essential nutrients, glycine among them.

Joel Brind talks explains why the amino acid glycine is essential to regulating your body's inflammation. He recommends glycine supplementation, and talks about a study that suggests this can also be helpful for those facing type II diabetes.

I've had some success with one specific form of magnesium that include glycine. Now I know why. The solution should be equally obvious: James Corbett reviews some of the evidence against the industrial food model and then explores growing your own as a simple, natural solution to one of our most fundamental problems.

This is a good primer for those who are relatively new to these issues. If you've been grappling with the issue of industrial food for a while, you probably won't hear much new here. See GP's page for gardening and agriculture audio for additional shows on those topics. Episode -- Solutions: Classic comedy clips pepper the show. Cleese is probably one of the top 10 comedians of all time. Publishing hacked emails showing bad corporate ethics. Supporters say Brown has been unfairly targeted for investigating the highly secretive world of private intelligence and military contractors.

Three years later, after admitting to being the story's source, he was fired. Based on this case, the US Supreme Court has upheld the right of federal employees to become whistleblowers. You have to admire Brown's steely sense of humor: After his sentencing on Thursday, Brown released a satirical statement that read, in part: The US government decided today that because I did such a good job investigating the cyber-industrial complex, they're now going to send me to investigate the prison-industrial complex.

There are a few potential downsides, she says, but for most people, the data overwhelmingly show that coffee and caffeine help reduce risk in just about every major disease category. I was actually surprised there weren't more cautions against coffee consumption here. I do have to wonder, though, how much of the protective effect is merely counterbalancing other bad habits.

Nonetheless, since we are indeed creatures of bad habit, carry on with the slurping! Weed does add that while the coffee itself is good, the other things some of us put in it are The Grand Manipulation — Trends forecaster Gerald Celente talks about where things are and where they are going.

He thinks the current political parties and leaders are beyond redemption, though he thinks a new, completely unaffiliated party is worth trying. He says four words killed capitalism: Too Big To Fail. Celente has said most of this before, but he's always worth a listen.

One point of disagreement: I don't see how a third party makes it when the Republicrat duopoly controls the election rules. Smarter Cities — Many planners agree that a more centralized population is a good thing for long-term environmental responsibility. But as people all over the world continue to flock to urban centers, the challenge of creating sustainable cities becomes more pressing.

How can cities be improved to ensure that their billions of residents have energy-efficient transportation, housing, waste-stream management, as well as clean air and water? Ecological urban planner Melanie Nutter walks us through some of the emerging policies and practices to promote smart, sustainable, resilient cities. Nutter has good ideas, and they seem to be fairly successful in San Francisco. But the success largely depends on the target city being highly prosperous in general and green-minded specifically.

Many of these programs simply would not sell politically or economically in, say, Atlanta. I'm not saying Atlantans shouldn't get on board with such ideas; just that it's not likely to happen on nearly the same scale as it has in SF.

Obama stressed civil liberties but was silent on renewal of the odious PATRIOT Act; he said there should be more domestic oil and gas production but also warned of climate change, which would be worsened by that production; Obama stressed workers rights and unions but then emphasized the need to fast track approval of the anti-worker Trans-Pacific Partnership trade act.

Nader also criticized Obama for ignoring issues like commercial fraud on Medicare and Medicaid; a DoD audit; and corporate tax evasion. And, as Nader points out, Obama—almost unbelievably—talks again about closing down Gitmo, after six years of broken promises on that very issue.

No doubt he has a bridge to tomorrow he'd like to sell us. We can't keep this crazy civilization running just on the sun and wind, let alone on high doses of fossil fuels.

When we stop being able to milk the billion year-pile of concentrated solar energy in the form of oil, gas, and coal, something WILL change. Our energy matrix cannot be renewable until the renewable-energy technologies and sources can replicate themselves. Wind turbines, solar panels, and electric cars are all hobbled by the limitations of fossil fuel inputs for their creation and maintenance as well as by the specialized minerals needed for their creation.

He acknowledges the psychology of the American energy consumer as a key problem, referencing former Energy Department Secretary James Schlesinger's axiom that the American people only have two modes: This is one of the best reviews I've ever heard of the problems we face as demand for energy keeps rising but technology finds itself unable to compensate for the peak in global net energy.

Green Dreams - Future or Fantasy? The Deep State and the Paris Attacks — Michel Chossudovsky looks at the circumstances and backstory of the Charlie Hebdo attack, with an eye towards poking holes in the official story. Interesting factors include the "suicide" of a French detective a few hours after being debriefed on the attacks; whether the supposed perpetrators were in some way involved with French intelligence agencies; the hypocrisy of the French government decrying attacks on press freedom while engaging in suppression of reporting themselves.

Chossudovsky also talks about state-sponsored terrorism by the major Western powers; the larger geopolitical game as it pertains to France and the US; and the new inquisitorial age, where the general public does not question the need to eliminate those labeled "enemy" at any cost, using any means.

Chossudovsky reaches a bit on some of his speculations, but there are many points that need consideration here, no matter how odious the implications are. Try to watch this one—cool graphics. From , but still perfectly relevant. The Skinny Gut Diet — When it comes to digestive disorders, Brenda Watson has dedicated her career to helping people achieve lasting health through improved digestive function. She's good, but for me, too much time was spent on "fat bacteria.

Cash, Bank Accounts, Homes Since then, many states have passed laws forbidding seizure for that reason, but abusive practices are still happening.

Phil Applebaum of the Institute for Justice discusses the case of a small Indiana town where the mayor proposed taking over an entire housing neighborhood for an unspecified future development plan.

This may not be widely applicable—yet. But it's always good to keep an eye on government overreach. Oreskes discusses how democracy, the free market, and science are all failing to protect our future. This dance doesn't include much climate apocalypso, but Oreskes ably lays out the inside-the-envelope view on climate status and action.

In reality, any progress made on transitioning out of fossil fuels will come too slowly to make a difference in our future climate. But it will make a difference in many other environmental areas, so it's still worth doing. This was the question that Hofstra University posed to a debate panel in late Arnie Gundersen of Fairewinds was among the debaters who discussed the environmental, fiscal, and policy issues pertaining to the expansion of nuclear energy.

Even if one assumed sufficient additional nuclear capacity could be brought online in time to make a difference for climate mitigation—it can't—the answer is still "hell no. Nuclear proponents have faith that humans are smart enough to figure out how to store radioactive nuclear waste for a quarter million years.

Alternative energy proponents have faith that humans are smart enough to figure out how to store electricity overnight. He sees an emerging Asian bloc centered on Russia and China cooperation. Orlov also talks about the large jump in numbers of people paying attention to the truth of what's going on via his blog and other alternatives to mainstream media.

Other topics include the energy-money game going on between the US, Europe, and Russia; why Grand Chessboard master Zbigniew Brzezinski is punking US interests for his own agenda; and the non likelihood of a major conflict between the US and Russia. He clearly gives a pro-Russia slant, but his details seem convincing enough. Economics of the Anthropocene — Joshua Farley discusses how the human dominated epoch—the anthropocene—has evolved an economic model that is unsustainable—it's hitting resource and environmental limits—and he outlines the need to shift the basis of the economy from competitiveness to cooperation.

A reasonable proposition, but Farley seems hurried and slightly out-of-focus here. But Jeremy Scahill calls the leaders' attendance a "circus of hypocrisy" since those same leaders have waged their own wars against journalists.

He recounts numerous examples ranging from media suppression to whistleblower prosecution to outright murder. Scahill is, as usual, on-target. Sometimes I wonder what more he'd say in a quiet one-on-one conversation over a beer. Futuristic Predictions That Came True in — Futurist George Dvorsky talks about 's "breakthroughs" in science, technology, and culture, some of which seem right out of a sci-fi novel.

This year, humanity landed on its first comet, a child was born to a woman with a transplanted womb, a fossilized sea shell forced us to reconsider our conceptions of human culture, and two people achieved silent brain-to-brain communication. Are we finally heading to the brave new Star Trek world? No, we're in total denial about the deep, perhaps unfixable flaws in the human experiment on this planet, so we compensate with increasingly complicated and weird experiments in science.

Charlie Hebdo and the Muck-a-lot Factory — Charlie Hebdo magazine is notorious for its irreverent satirical cartoons, attacking all sides, particularly those who finger-wag their conservative values.

In the wake of the murderous attack on Charlie Hebdo, professor Laurence Grove reviews how French culture has held political cartoons in high regard for centuries. The attack on Charlie Hebdo employees may certainly be just as it's been reported. But I also note the alignment of other possible interests: In part 1, Ozzie Zehner makes the case that high-tech greening of our civilization is a pipedream.

In particular, he targets solar PV as a technology that causes many more problems that it's worth, and is often use as a "green badge of honor" when other, less sexy approaches do far more to reduce energy use and pollution. Both Zehner and Miller engage in excessively vague statements, and bless Alex Smith for spending time at the end of part 2 to try to make sense of it all.

Even as a supporter and heavy user of solar technologies, I'm much more in the Zehner camp on this one, despite the obvious problems with some of his statements.

We're headed for a resource cliff at some point because we cannot reign in our desires for more—more energy, more land, more stuff. Green tech cannot cure that. The Most Underreported Stories of — Project Censored is out with a new addition of their annual "unreported stories" book. Cancer—Environmental Factors and Genetics vs. Plain Ol' Bad Luck — A new study has found that 22 types of cancer are the result of sheer bad luck, blaming the cancers largely on random mistakes in tissue-specific stem cells and stating that the cancers arise in a manner unrelated to genetic or environmental factors.

This is a pretty tepid report, but the takeaway should be that the defenders of corporations' toxic products and processes now have a study to point to and say, "see, no problem" As Mark Twain cautioned, there are lies, damn lies, and statistics. The Science of Health: Cautions Against New Cancer Study.

The Temptation of The Technofix — In this audio of speeches from the conference "Techno-Utopianism and the Fate of the Earth," we hear seven speakers who, despite contrasting styles and material, manage to jointly conclude that technological development has become unhinged from our true human values.

Topics include technology's history of broken promises; how technology is devastating life; how technology has tamed us, as we use it to unintentionally destroy life on earth and ourselves; challenging the idea of "de-extinction" as a solution; the economic evolution of dominion.

This starts out strong, but I found my attention waning in the latter half, where we get heart-felt analyses of how far humans have strayed from the path. That is true, for sure, but I don't think it's fixable—at least it won't be volunteered for—so why keep rehashing it? Profits Before Patient Safety exposes the way the pharmaceutical industry has come to dominate medicine. This clip features snippets from the film and interviews with filmmaker Holly Mosher, medical investigative journalist Jeanne Lenzer, and family doctor John Abramson.

We all are well advised to stay away from the products of the pharmaceutical industry as much as possible. Once they get their claws in you, it's a downward spiral of "drugs to cure ills and other drugs to cure side effects.

Wheeler's earlier proposal for a two-tier system outraged consumers, advocacy organizations, and even some corporations. Media professor Victor Pickard discusses the history of "media in the public interest" going back to the s rise of radio and details the political decisions and turning points that led to our present-day corporate-dominated media system.

The historical information here is interesting. But the trend towards concentrated media monopolies that do not operate in the public interest is merely reflective of the increasing alignment of the goals of government, corporations, and elites. Speculation about other reasons—such as a "corporate-libertarian paradigm" or a throwback to the McCarthy era—are just silly.

World-View Propaganda — Jay Dyer writes on the deeper themes and messages found in our globalist pseudo-culture, illustrating the connections between philosophy, metaphysics, secret societies, Hollywood, psychological warfare and comparative religion. Dyer explains how philosophies can be engineered and used as forms of psyop—a trap of empiricism that ultimately leads to false presuppositions. Dyer does us a service by presenting the concept that a deep, deep level of propaganda is used to shape the world view of the masses, which then makes it easier for the elites to sell specific-issue propaganda that allows them to maintain their wealth and power.

But the discussion here is mostly lost in esoteric topics of philosophy. We would have benefited more from a discussion of how the concepts manifest in today's increasingly totalitarian world, where most people are so propagandized they will actively defend a system that exploits them. The study finds that tight-oil production from major plays will peak before By , production rates from the Bakken and Eagle Ford will likely be less than a tenth of that projected by the EIA.

The overall tight-oil production forecasts by the EIA from plays other than the Bakken and Eagle Ford are in most cases highly optimistic and unlikely to be realized. Hughes observes that on the oil fields, in the battle between technology and geology, geology always wins in the end.

This gets a bit down in the weeds, but such data diving is necessary to be able to convincingly refute the rah-rah shale oil hype in the US. McChesney offers plenty of apt observations, but his overall framing is limited to the issues that might be considered "safe for NPR listeners. When the sun ejects hot charged particles into space, the Northern Lights are created here on Earth. Occasionally, the sun erupts with such huge quantities of particles—a coronoal mass ejection—that electronics and electrical grids can be damaged.

Mat Stein and Arnie Gundersen discuss the dangers to our electrical systems and nuclear power plants worldwide from a large coronal mass ejection. Stein reviews a number of little-know previous major coronal-mass-ejection events and gives us the math that shows that we are overdue for another one. The Pitfalls of Getting Resilient — This report features Jan Steinman, who cashed out from his IT gig to start a resilient eco-village as a response to a post-peak oil future and civilizational breakdown.

Steinman appears to have pursued the project with a great deal of intelligence and personal energy, yet he's had a hard time finding people with a similar level of commitment. He observes, "Things just aren't bad enough yet. This is must-listening for anyone who thinks they need to go all-in on getting resilient to isolate themselves from future collapse scenarios.

It's just not that easy, regardless of how smart or dedicated you are, even when you start with sizeable financial resources.

It is important to get resilient. But if you can, keep one foot in the world run by TPTB while you do it.

Author and historian Steve Fraser says the US political machine has been completely captured by moneyed interests. The situation has plenty of similarities to the robber baron era of a century ago.

Fraser is quite good, though he misses the fact that part of the reason people are hesitant to rock the boat these days is because they are still benefiting from the safety-net programs and wealth accumulated during the past 70 years. As the pile evaporates and more societal benefits are withdrawn or degraded—and living circumstances get more desperate—the complacency of the masses may change.

The brainwave effects of screens are just one more problem to put on the pile. Screens Really are a Nightmare for Sleep. Feierstein's predictions for include QE4, the collapse of GDP, the end of US dollar hegemony, and big moves up in gold and silver prices. Nowadays, in all forms of digital X-ray imaging radiography, fluoroscopy, and CT the conversion of X-ray energy into visible light can be achieved by the same types of electronic sensors, such as flat panel detectors , which convert the X-ray energy into electrical signals , small bursts of current that convey information that a computer can analyze, store, and output as images.

As fluorescence is a special case of luminescence , digital X-ray imaging is conceptually similar to digital gamma ray imaging scintigraphy , SPECT , and PET in that in both of these imaging mode families, the information conveyed by the variable attenuation of invisible electromagnetic radiation as it passes through tissues with various radiodensities is converted by an electronic sensor into an electric signal that is processed by a computer and made output as a visible-light image.

Fluoroscopy's origins and radiography's origins can both be traced back to 8 November , when Wilhelm Röntgen , or in English script Roentgen, noticed a barium platinocyanide screen fluorescing as a result of being exposed to what he would later call X-rays algebraic x variable signifying "unknown".

Within months of this discovery, the first crude fluoroscopes were created. These experimental fluoroscopes were simply thin cardboard screens that had been coated on the inside with a layer of fluorescent metal salt, attached to a funnel-shaped cardboard eyeshade which excluded room light with a viewing eyepiece which the user held up to his eye.

The fluoroscopic image obtained in this way was quite faint. Even when finally improved and commercially introduced for diagnostic imaging , the limited light produced from the fluorescent screens of the earliest commercial scopes necessitated that a radiologist sit for a period in the darkened room where the imaging procedure was to be performed, to first accustom his eyes to increase their sensitivity to perceive the faint image.

The placement of the radiologist behind the screen also resulted in significant dosing of the radiologist. In the late s, Thomas Edison began investigating materials for ability to fluoresce when X-rayed, and by the turn of the century he had invented a fluoroscope with sufficient image intensity to be commercialized.

Edison had quickly discovered that calcium tungstate screens produced brighter images. Edison, however, abandoned his researches in because of the health hazards that accompanied use of these early devices. Edison himself damaged an eye in testing these early fluoroscopes. During this infant commercial development, many incorrectly predicted that the moving images of fluoroscopy would completely replace roentgenographs radiographic still image films , but the then superior diagnostic quality of the roentgenograph and their already alluded safety enhancement of lower radiation dose via shorter exposure prevented this from occurring.

Another factor was that plain films inherently offered recording of the image in a simple and inexpensive way, whereas recording and playback of fluoroscopy remained a more complex and expensive proposition for decades to come discussed in detail below. Red adaptation goggles were developed by Wilhelm Trendelenburg in to address the problem of dark adaptation of the eyes, previously studied by Antoine Beclere.

The resulting red light from the goggles' filtration correctly sensitized the physician's eyes prior to the procedure, while still allowing him to receive enough light to function normally. More trivial uses of the technology also appeared in the s—s, including a shoe-fitting fluoroscope used at shoe stores. They are no longer used because the radiation exposure risk outweighs the trivial benefit. Analog electronics revolutionized fluoroscopy. The development of the X-ray image intensifier by Westinghouse in the late s [29] in combination with closed circuit TV cameras of the s allowed for brighter pictures and better radiation protection.

The red adaptation goggles became obsolete as image intensifiers allowed the light produced by the fluorescent screen to be amplified and made visible in a lighted room. The addition of the camera enabled viewing of the image on a monitor, allowing a radiologist to view the images in a separate room away from the risk of radiation exposure.

The commercialization of video tape recorders beginning in allowed the TV images to be recorded and played back at will. Digital electronics were applied to fluoroscopy beginning in the early s, when Frederick G. Weighart [30] [31] and James F. McNulty [32] at Automation Industries, Inc. Square wave signals were detected on a fluorescent screen to create the image.

From the late s onward, digital imaging technology was reintroduced to fluoroscopy after development of improved detector systems. Modern improvements in screen phosphors , digital image processing , image analysis , and flat panel detectors have allowed for increased image quality while minimizing the radiation dose to the patient.

Modern fluoroscopes use caesium iodide CsI screens and produce noise-limited images, ensuring that the minimal radiation dose results while still obtaining images of acceptable quality. Many names exist in the medical literature for moving pictures taken with X-rays.

They include fluoroscopy , fluorography , cinefluorography , photofluorography , fluororadiography , kymography electrokymography , roentgenkymography , cineradiography cine , videofluorography , and videofluoroscopy.

Today the word fluoroscopy is widely understood to be a hypernym of all the aforementioned terms, which explains why it is the most commonly used and why the others are declining in usage. As soon as X-rays and their application of seeing inside the body were discovered in the s, both looking and recording were pursued. But the quest for recorded moving images was a more complex challenge.

In the s, moving pictures of any kind whether taken with visible light or with invisible radiation were emerging technologies. Soon several new words were coined for achieving moving radiographic pictures. This was often done either by filming a simple fluoroscopic screen with a movie camera variously called fluorography , cinefluorography , photofluorography , or fluororadiography or by taking serial radiographs rapidly to serve as the frames in a movie cineradiography.

Either way, the resulting film reel could be displayed by a movie projector. Another group of techniques were various kinds of kymography, whose common theme was capturing recordings in a series of moments, with a concept similar to movie film although not necessarily with movie-type playback; rather, the sequential images would be compared frame by frame a distinction comparable to tile mode versus cine mode in today's CT terminology.

Thus electrokymography and roentgenkymography were among the early ways to record images from a simple fluoroscopic screen. Television also was under early development during these decades s—s , but even after commercial TV began widespread adoption after World War II , it remained a live-only medium for a time. In the mids, a commercialized ability to capture the moving pictures of television onto magnetic tape with a video tape recorder was developed.

This soon led to the addition of the video- prefix to the words fluorography and fluoroscopy , with the words videofluorography and videofluoroscopy attested since Thus, over time the cameras and recording media for fluoroscopic imaging have progressed as follows.

The original kind of fluoroscopy, and the common kind for its first half century of existence, simply used none, because for most diagnosis and treatment, they weren't essential.

For those investigations that needed to be transmitted or recorded such as for training or research , movie cameras using film such as 16 mm film were the medium. In the s, analog electronic video cameras at first only producing live output but later using video tape recorders appeared. Since the s, there have been digital video cameras , flat panel detectors , and storage of data to local servers or more recently secure cloud servers. Late-model fluoroscopes all use digital image processing and image analysis software, which not only helps to produce optimal image clarity and contrast but also allows that result with a minimal radiation dose because signal processing can take tiny inputs from low radiation doses and amplify them while to some extent also differentiating signal from noise.

Cineradiography records frame-per-second fluoroscopic images of internal organs such as the heart taken during injection of contrast dye to better visualize regions of stenosis , or to record motility in the body's gastrointestinal tract.

The predigital technology is being replaced with digital imaging systems. Some of these decrease the frame rate but also decrease the absorbed dose of radiation to the patient. As they improve, frame rates will likely increase.

Today, owing to technological convergence , the word fluoroscopy is widely understood to be a hypernym of all the earlier names for moving pictures taken with X-rays, both live and recorded. Also owing to technological convergence, radiography, CT, and fluoroscopy are now all digital imaging modes using X-rays with image analysis software and easy data storage and retrieval.

Just as movies, TV, and web videos are to a substantive extent no longer separate technologies but only variations on common underlying digital themes, so too are the X-ray imaging modes.

And indeed, the term X-ray imaging is the ultimate hypernym that unites all of them, even subsuming both fluoroscopy and four-dimensional CT 4DCT 4DCT is the newest form of moving pictures taken with X-rays. Because fluoroscopy involves the use of X-rays, a form of ionizing radiation , fluoroscopic procedures pose a potential for increasing the patient's risk of radiation-induced cancer.

A study of radiation induced skin injuries was performed in by the Food and Drug Administration FDA [38] [39] followed by an advisory to minimize further fluoroscopy-induced injuries. While deterministic radiation effects are a possibility, radiation burns are not typical of standard fluoroscopic procedures.

Most procedures sufficiently long in duration to produce radiation burns are part of necessary life-saving operations. X-ray image intensifiers generally have radiation-reducing systems such as pulsed rather than constant radiation, and last image hold , which "freezes" the screen and makes it available for examination without exposing the patient to unnecessary radiation.

Image intensifiers have been introduced that increase the brightness of the screen, so that the patient needs to be exposed to a lower dose of X-rays. The invention of X-ray image intensifiers in the s allowed the image on the screen to be visible under normal lighting conditions, as well as providing the option of recording the images with a conventional camera. Subsequent improvements included the coupling of, at first, video cameras and, later, digital cameras using image sensors such as charge-coupled devices or active pixel sensors to permit recording of moving images and electronic storage of still images.

Modern image intensifiers no longer use a separate fluorescent screen. Instead, a caesium iodide phosphor is deposited directly on the photocathode of the intensifier tube. On a typical general purpose system, the output image is approximately 10 5 times brighter than the input image.

This brightness gain comprises a flux gain amplification of photon number and minification gain concentration of photons from a large input screen onto a small output screen each of approximately This level of gain is sufficient that quantum noise , due to the limited number of X-ray photons, is a significant factor limiting image quality.

The introduction of flat-panel detectors allows for the replacement of the image intensifier in fluoroscope design. Flat panel detectors offer increased sensitivity to X-rays, and therefore have the potential to reduce patient radiation dose.

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